Succession to Shamardal



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The recent announcement to passing of supreme sire Shamardal had surprise and shock.

Shamardal, his potent supremacy verve to European colt star-performers named Pinatubo, Earthlight, and 2 year old Victor Ludorum (→ a ‘wow’ maternal bred pedigree to 3×3 Helen Street and 5x5x5 Petingo, sire of Troy).

In the filly/mare ranks is multiple G1 performer Castle Lady (Shamardal – Windsor County).

– Interestingly, her distaff (to depth of generations as infused/in-bred to Isonomy. That is a key point… & (*if readers grasp Blandford as highly influential from our past articles) is noting, the tremendous Blandford trait is in-bred to Isonomy. Snap!


Shamardal is the pattern-prototype. Decisively like his dams half brother the wonderful Street Cry who bred glamour mares of world racing wonder as named Zenyatta and Winx.

These extraordinary, unbelievable individuals are not only of a racing type phenomena but also the poignant breeding truth – phenotype salutes genotype.

Breeding is calculating genetics to get the hybrid individual to be a consistent prototype. In a nutshell, its breed-shaping.

It is so much more than breeding legs: it is potentializing the horse to ability –  capably endure itself beyond what we humans accept as its speed.

– it is to achieve the impossible….

Let’s remember a few of his progeny.

His, the enigmatic, quirky G.1 Hong Kong sprinter Pakistan Star of an ineffable brilliance from back of the field to win running, over top. His breeding – Shamardal – Nina Celebre (IRE) of ol ‘depth from her German/French female roots aka Alchimist (Ger) the dynamite influence to Urban Sea family 9-h.

And his highly respected Hong Kong multiple G.1 performer Able Friend (Shamardal – Ponte Piccolo (NZ)  by Volksraad). (take a sharp look at Scottish Rifle inheritance ff 15a)

The French Derby winner Lope de Vega (Shamardal – Lady Vettori) a sire and of a pedigree which prior ‘shaped’ his genetic preference to further come through. These influences are Machiavellian and Sharpen Up (further noted below)

Shamardal the stallion:  the great sire to great sire from grand-daddy Storm Cat got Giant’s Causeway got Shamardal.

This Dominance… upon a male-sire line of dominant gene characters fierce. And so beneath the genotype arrangements to source the racing-machine progenitor,  the infinite – *Solario (Gainsborough – Sun Worship (Sundridge) f.f. 26.

Female family 26 – the mit DNA as belonging to Cypron, the dam of Herod: the Herod sire of All. They sped to the future and the speed progenitor upon female distaff – Storm Cat and Royal Academy and Mt Livermore, via Spy Song – these are individuals to remember for *pedigree*

Through many a long night burning-out, just how Winx was Winx through contribution and build of strains, via her sire Street Cry and peeling through his maternal pedigree the intrigues of female family 5-i. It is a strain/trait belonging to an individual which infuses superior Typology as incised upon a modern bred racehorse.

Always sharpen pencils upon: Kris/Sharpen Up and Hoist The Flag.

Street Cry and Shamardal, the maternal broodmare sires Machiavellian/Troy factors  irrefutable & what makes todays superior champions, a ‘cut’ above the rest – has their  effortless action, a champion galloper ably, enjoying his Dominion.


Machiavellian(photo credit, Facebook, Thoroughbred Bloodlines)

It don’t come easy when breeding quality athletics. However, accessible from profiling lines which last and this maxim, shoves guts, to any International genotype Pedigree. Thereto…speculate the phenotype ability which must identify what (preferred) prototypes has (at best) bio-mechanical efficiency.

– And hereof, these dynamics gather about Shamardal’s succession.

Without a doubt, Pinatubo at the completion of his racing career will court the best of best broodmares everywhere/anywhere.

Another, to the outstanding Godolphin bred international performer & sprinter Blue Point (Shamardal – Scarlett Rose (GB) ) shuttled to Australian shores for his 2020 stud duty. Interestingly, Blue Point’s pedigree also has the 5x’s to *Solario (f.f. 26)

Aside from these big-names of European racing, to promotion of highest-quality sires, one can dexterously procure Shamardal’s genetic fruit for a nominal sum. I’m on board to this Shamardal  son, Crackerjack King  (IRE ) – Shamardal – Claba Di San Jore (IRE) by Barathea

Crackerjack King     ⇒

Crackerjack King, went brave to 3rd in the Caulfield 1800m Underwood Stakes. He went to 7 wins of distances 1800m to 2200m and crowned a Champion Older Male in Italy.

His dam Claba Di San Jore (IRE) and producer of Jakkalberry (Storming Home, he sired by Machiavellian!).

Jakkalberry was truly an international performer over 6 racing countries winning multiple G.1, 2 and 3 titles of 1800m to 2200m. Jakkalberry (was) an exciting stallion but through a gut infection, his promising stud career ended early at Novara Park, New Zealand (2018).

Respect, Claba Di San Jore, the 3rd dam’s factor (Crodas (IRE) is in-bred to Umidar (Blandford). Blandford – the Classic profiling type for robust genetics. (n.b. an important read to Understand Blandford influences, TBL blog A winged electric – Pinatubo

Again and again it is to appreciate genetics roll cyclic, clustering to the vital ‘regeneration’. This is the circuitry-board…

Planning out, the broodmare sire to any pedigree-cycle is where bloodlines catalyse…. thus, Barathea (Sadlers Wells) of notorious f.f 5-H . This is same family-line to Nureyev and Val-de-Loir as to recognize these maternal strains are Dalmery (by Blandford)!

I believe the maternal grandsire can exert a major pivoting influence for good or bad in a specimen pedigree. Ross du Bourg – The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred.

And….because we love to explore how Shamardal genetics might work regenerating, we’ve proposed these Australian broodmare lines which keep/adapt the genotype framework.

  • Danehill Dancer upon influences : Sharpen Up & Caro
  •  Choisir (as above plus *Solario, Hornbeam (see Troy) Big Game (Blandford) + Court Martial
  •  Proisir (as above plus Fairy King (f.f.5h) via Encosta de Lago plus *Solario
  • Fastnet Rock – upon influences, Crimson Satan, Big Game (Blandford)  Brantome (Blandford) & Solario

Social Distancing with good cheer!


footnote – New Zealand readers may like to review the pedigree of quality performer Volpe Veloce (Foxwedge) to appraise Fastnet Rock across the  broodmare sire Barathea.





The Grey Flash – Chautauqua



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“Chautauqua – he’s flying….Can he do it – “YES”

No racing enthusiast can tire of watching footage to the Australian grey gelding “The Grey Flash”.

Chautauqua inspired anyone with a racing soul – his name blazes sprinting like the panther on his prey.

Chautauqua ran from the back. Swish, a staggering velocity charge and with precision, he knew how to win.

6 Group 1 wins and three successive TJ Smith Stakes wins, in same spectacular fashion, the impossible last to an impossible, breathtaking win.

The extraordinary intelligence of the dramatic Chautauqua as cannily accompanied, by the laid-back temperament – to his disheartened appetite to achieve more high-class racing.

With several attempts to refresh, the Australian gelding made terms retire.

So where did his genetic roots to be devilish fast, emerge?

Chautauqua (AUS) by Encosta de Lago from Lovely Jubly (AUS) by Lion-Hunter (AUS). D.P. 16-16-22-0-2 (56).

 Assigned to the female family 8-k,  DNA profile: mtDNA-L3alb, it is designated to an ancestral mare from Emperor of Stallions Stockwell. 

The colonial bloodline continues/descends through the distaff, Miss Delaval (NZ).

A genotype pedigree of speed, it is all pre-determined.

For a student of pedigree the Chautauqua pedigree is Principally by inherited collective mass; female family 9c strain-nucleus through and via Fair Trial (aka Lady Juror) Royal Charger (Sun Princess), Nasrullah (Mumtaz Begum). Plus more importantly, notice where viewed & picked-up, through those sire’s direct maternal descendant via same family bloodline, to distaff infusion. i.e. extended bloodline

Look closely at these interlocking and close family members. f.f.9c i.e. Sainfoin/Sundridge f.f.9c i.e. Sainfoin/2x Sundridge f.f. 9c i.e. Sainfoin/Sundridge
Reflect the champion flying filly – f.f.9c i.e. 2x Lady Josephine/Sundridge

( These genetic contributors and composite genetic cousins are race horse sprinter complete. Assert them by family tables to the collective rather than treated as separate components.

Interestingly – the great New Zealand bred mare Leilana, also of Chautauqua’s f.f. 8k, she by sire Onicidium from Lei by Summertime) inflicts an almost, similar replica of genetic frame-work. Namely through 6x to Sundridge (grand-dam Sanda) via, the notable French sire Pherozshah (f.f.9c Mumtaz Mahal) & Solario.

Leilana was 1973/74 champion 3 year old filly and 1974/75 Champion Racehorse of the Year in Australia.


Much alike…another high-quality champ of Australian racing – Leica Lover (f.f.8k) by Latin Lover from Miss Valeicia, noting 4×5 Hurry On from dam Tout Suite by Sainfoin from dam, Sanda.

Add in, the grand-dams sire Leica→Panorama→→Sundridge. Reference also Ribot’s dam, Romanella in-bred to Sunstar (Sundridge) & Rock Sand/Sainfoin (dam, Sanda)

It is important to well acquaint oneself upon these pre-determined deistic patterns.


@ social distance

The charismatic Chautauqua is settling very well to his new equestrian career.


further reading

Chautauqua adds new chapter to his colonial family tree


Waldgeist, the prodigious sire



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A racing individual he gallops fierce – flirts to competition. img_20200321_162143-01487311196.jpeg

He’s Waldgeist by Galileo from Waldlerche (GB) ex- Monsun.

Notably, ‘the-One’ defeating the noblest mare, Enable (Nathaniel) to win the 2019 Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe. He defeated many of the elite’s like Japan (Galileo).

Waldgeist the female family 5-H  deemed the ‘W’ family. (n.b. 5-H is not to be confused to Special/Thong/Simon Shoes 5H family) ‘

Finest European breeding as is Waldgeist’s sire Galileo, as was his sire the great Sadlers Wells, & Waldgeist has too that familiar ‘depth’.


Through his maternal genetics: German quality cometh where he Impresses a ‘pattern-type’ re-emergence, a classic genotype to smarten any mare. He’s built not only upon a stamina/stayer capacity, but with propensity to correctly Breed.

The broodmare sire offers the up-grade.

Pin-point mighty Monsun – his pedigree in-bred via, maternal only →Hyperion (Gainsborough) but emphasis particularly sourced across, both to son and daughter of  dam Kaiserwurde (f.f. 5h) & sire, Nebelwerfer. Kaiserwurde is a German-brand: synonymous to breeding German classic-type winning horses.

The Monsun’s – Schiaparelli (German Derby winner), Manduro (Best 2007 World Horse Rankings), Stacelita (2006 Eclipse champion Turf Female), Shirocco (2005 German Horse of the Year), Novellist (2013 German Horse of the Year, Getaway, Vadamos …..

Monsun’s have acquired ‘reputation’ in Australia – Melbourne cup winners Protectionist, Fiorente and Almandin.

Back with Galileo. Galileo’s prince-son Frankel may carry the ‘G’ crown where $analysis$ determined Galileo/Danehill had nick magic.

I however, never went convinced. Each to their own but the catalyst to Galileo across grand-dam, Rainbow Lake genetics, was a truer ‘bulls-eye’. Not only does Rainbow Lake amass 52x St Simon but another Important strain/influences the ‘building’.

⇒ 3rd dam sire Persian Gulf by Bahram (Blandford). Stage Door Johnny 2nd dam sire             Calddarium by Brantome (Blandford). Rainbow Quest 4th dam sire His Grace     (Blandford) & Blushing Groom 3rd dam sire Umidar (Blandford)

Due to ideal breeding intelligence, Shadai Farm (Japan) perhaps also ‘saw’ influences much stronger. They bred a Monsun mare to Frankel & it produced their champion 2 year & 3 year old G1 winning filly and she also was Frankel’s 1st G.1 winner by the name of Soul Stirring (JPN).

 “as breeding does, time always tells”

A winged electric – Pinatubo again confirmed to where n’ whom the individual Blandford, might be decidedly viewed. The firm, Classic of Classic Influence.



“though forgotten, they come back”

His steady influences within bloodlines, the Determination(s) of how a family ‘trait’ influences pedigrees, are all necessary to formulate How, an Individual is Bred, to its Strength.

Considerations: how it is rightly reinforced, directed,  and carried back into the pedigree.

Thus seek the layout which has both ancestral foundation & layer-built bloodlines.


Galileo – 36X St Simon & seek where the Blandford influences come maternally Direct (via Urban Sea) via Expresso →Babylon→Bahram→Blandford. To →Tantieme, grand-dam La Furka by Blandford.

Galileo by Sadlers Wells, maternal family ⇒ a Blandford daughter, Dalmary

BMS – Monsun (descendant male line of Bahram, by Blandford). His 2nd dam sire Tiepoletto →Blue Skies (Blandford). Monsun’s dam Mosella →Reliance→Tantieme from La Furka by Blandford. Monsun inbred to noted german broodmare Kaiseradler f.f.5-h. Monsun – carries 52X, St Simon


      – Darshaan (inbred to Umidar/Blandford)

Acatenango – 46x St Simon (n.b. Acatenango – the BMS  of Dalicia, producer of Animal Kingdom (USA)


Waldgeist’s dam, the G.3 winning Waldlerche 38x St Simon . 18x Blandford via Bahram, Blue Skies, La Furka,  Blenheim, Harina, Umidar, Brantome, Armoise.

– Walderche inbred to Surumu →Birkhahn→Alchimist these are subtle but also of key influences to Galileo, Alchimist 6dx6d – Alchimist was slaughtered for food when the Russians swept into Germany at the end of WWII.


Birkhahn –  awkwardly ‘wrong place, wrong time’ post WWII, where English & French breeders were adverse to anything of German blood.


Clearly, Waldgeist is absolute –  where his racing record for G1 performance, particularly up to 5 years top-level racing is an achievement benchmark – the proven soundness, quality durable. 

    – to exploit his dam’s German bloodlines, he is not only a classic-breeder Individual and assuredly, a faultless one.

It is always interesting to view the ‘collective’ evolutionary growth of the thoroughbred, the stratum across, through to the contemporary & present-day lines. Here one may understand what ‘contribution’ really means & importantly where it comes from to how, Q for quality stays.

Peter Willett (bloodstock author, 1981) – “West German breeding has been able to make a contribution to the evolution of the Classic racehorse in the quarter of a century as a result of special circumstances and the unique opportunity which (they) have presented for effective outcrossing”.

Ross du Bourg – Australian bloodstock writer ” The decision to honour Blandford, by placing him above Hyperion at the top of the stamina ladder, is a prime example of the gradual metamorphosis.…..By 1990 the time was ripe to unite all the varying effective branches of Blandford, such as Donatello II, Bahram, Brantome, and Midstream. under the one, all-enveloping banner – the mighty Blandford himself!

(on German bloodstock, Julian Bedford, racing journalist, 1989 ) …strength in stamina made for weakness in the market. Too much stamina scared away commercial breeders and trainers who looked for a sharper type of horse.

TBL comments “hopefully breeders/trainers/syndication interests might understand long-term assets are a dividend rewarded




 Waldgeist – translates, a forest spirit

 Waldgeist’s stands at Ballylinch stud, Ireland.



 “social- Distancing”










A winged electric – Pinatubo



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The Omega Pedigree – Pinatubo (Shamardal ex-Lava Flow by Dalakhani) – female family 7-a.

To all great strains, cometh the finest veins through the unbeaten superior colt Pinatubo to his 6 defiant wins over 6 to 7 furlongs.

Pinatubo’s current Time Rating stands at 128.

Shamardal – 4x, G.1 winner. What we pursue….. is character breeding, character stamped. A son of Giant’s Causeway, grand-daddy Storm Cat to the female family of Street Cry, Helsinki by BMS Machiavellian, the compelling in-roads for both, genotype and phenotype.

‘P’s’ dam, Lava Flow the grand-daughter of penetrative influence Kris/Sharpen Up Conduit, of essential Difference – Part one .

Forget close in-breeding and seek Progenitor/Conduit. Cross into Giant Causeway – Halo – Misawaki – Troy – Roberto – Darshaan – Kris – et al

Go back through maternal’s/distaff genetic corridor and where folded through influences come-on-home, where assessed at 9 – 10th removes.

Pedigree is not only history: it is exploratory rather than duplication. There finds a genetic ‘conduit’ electricity. It remains.


Establishing superior classic is to reveal the Balance Sheet: it goes by original chef-de-race aptitude factors. Reference, Franco Varola’s, Typology of the Racehorse.
“…to make clear that by balanced breeding I do not mean a mere literal transcription of identical figures, but a broader concept of equilibrium of influences” Varola
Pinatubo – dosage profile 1-12-19-5-1 (brilliant, intermediate, classic, solid, professional.

In particular focus, one esteemed classic individual. He is BLANDFORD.


Blandford was imperfect, but the honest-breeder, with ability passed over to his stallion sons. He, & they however, went accompanied by not only multiple events unfortunate, but also an almost, untoward bias.

Frankly he deserves Sanctification. Every contemporary superior pedigree pays-up, his enormous influential Strain.

By Varola’s account – classic classification (represented an ability by an elite group to run in the Classic races) the chefs-de-race sire, Blandford (Swynford) went on to influence emphatically the Quality. Interestingly, Varola suggests…of more so quality, than the highly-esteemed and accepted breed-shapers Hyperion or Nearco (n.b. these two assigned chefs-de-race Brilliant.

By Varola’s reason, it went due to the time-frames: mares by Hyperion and or Nearco, as they serviced each other’s mare. Their opportunity on a breeding plate – where as Blandford alone, sired over somewhat lesser stock, plus by shorter spans to his progeny.

At stud he was extremely slow to cover and would at times, stand behind his mare for 15 minutes or more before deciding to accomplish the deed.

Blandford sired four Epsom Derby winners in seven years !!!

By Blandford, they were Bahram – Trigo – Blenheim – Windsor Lad

Plus – Brantome, in France won the French 2,000Guineas, St. Leger, Gold Cup, etc.

From other expert accounts, Blandford’s progeny went (oddly) not regarded for toughness, but had abundant class, despite an uncertainty to his questionable fertility & soundness issues.

In Blandford’s later years, a horror for Irish breeders came due to an imposition of a 40% tax on bloodstock imported from Ireland as was imposed by the British government. His remaining years before his death were spent in England.


Blandford Yard – Irish National Stud (photo by TBL)

Blandford Yard – Irish National Stud (photo by TBL)

Possibly his ‘said’ health issues went with pneumonia as a foal. He survived those odds, almost by his divine will. So ill was Blandford, it had appeared to his vet, sheer hopelessness and it is said, the stud manager directed him to be taken away.

For Blandford, either Fate or Destiny pursued many of his sons. The fate: a virtual loss of top male Epsom Derby winners from his native home & breeding ground, to the benefit of USA & Argentina.

i) the forced sale by the late Aga Khan of Blenheim and Bahram to the US. Bahram was later exported to Argentina.

ii) the forced removal of Brantome from France during World War II & the premature death of Brantome’s son Pensbury.

iii) Trigo – a failure at stud.

iv) Windsor Lad, unable to carry on stud duty due to a brain tumour.

And Blandford’s son Badruddin, was sent to Argentina

Numerous ‘outside factors’ took heavy consequence; his genetic supremacy should of had given far, far more to the world.

I cannot help feeling that Bahram would have contributed a great deal more to bloodstock the world over, if he had never left his native shores. Sir Charles Leiceister
“There is no escaping the fact the old parents have a tremendous influence on the build-up of bloodlines, in spite of their numerical inferiority compared to young and middle-aged progenitors.” Sir Charles Leiceister

Where does Blandford begin to influence Pinutabo?

Answer: maternal distaff influences, how they become, how they build…..

⇒ 6th distaff dam → B flat, the sire Chanteur → Blue Skies (Blandford)

4th dam sire Artaius (USA) → My Babu → Badruddin (Blandford) (*n.b. Artaius 17x’s *Isonomy) (read on below)

3rd dam sire Kris → Soft Angels →Crepello→→ Blenheim (Blandford

⇑ Reliance/Tantiemme →→La Furka (Blandford)

Sadlers Wells →Thong→Dalmary (2) (Blandford) + Blenheim (2) (Blandford)

Daltawa – 4x’s Blenheim (Blandford) via Mumtaz Begum, Donatello
Darshaan, dam’s sire Ambdos → 2x Umidor (Blandford)

Helen Street – 8x’s via Blenheim, Blue skies, Wild Violet, Bahram (Blandford)

Machiavellian – 5x’s, via Blenheim, Minnewaska (Blandford) – n.b. Minnewaska , 4th dam of Tom Rolfe

Mariah’s Storm – 11x’s via Blenheim, Wild Violet, Umidar, Minnewaska (Blandford)

Storm Cat – not Blandford however, 17x’s to *Isonomy; inbred via Blandford (see below)
Blandford infusion upon the acclaimed Thong female family 5h, via Special. Thus history made and prophecy’s tell the future: makes pedigree Nureyev, Sadlers Wells and those famous sons run on….

Blandford, the sire of Blenheim, sire of Brantome, sire of Bahram: the three sons ARE also with designation, chefs-de-race classic.

Blandford’s prowess is the honest resilient and natural, classic tenacity. The ancestral lines emphasize a strong disposition through *Isonomy whom ran from 2 years to 5 years, notably his feat of a Triple Crown winner under exhausting weights and conditions of those times. Galopin, with the updated genomic recourse to being a descendant of Herod’s and doubly Hermit to indicate Blandford is pure source.

So how did Blandford’s relevance fade as the Nearco/Phalaris ‘Brilliant’ dosage precedence (akin to mostly, 2 year precociousness)) take hold. The graph below depicts the working Passage upon Breeding Population and thus left the ‘bold’ Blandford (as aptitude balance) to a ‘durability’ slowly erased.


And note….Bahram is the male line to the great German bred, Monsun and notice his maternal Tantieme from dam La Furka (Blandford)

Blandford to re-capture, re-emerge, catalyze to the more diligently refined classic: for the lasting and greater future of Thoroughbred racing and breeding.

Just like Pinatubo.
Charlie Appleby (trainer) on Pinatubo. “He’s an interesting character. He’s very laid back”.

“breath-taking” G. Smith (handicapper)

Pinatubo is also the name of a volcano in the Philippine’s (Mount Pinatubo)

cheers for now,


*** (sorry to say it folks please observe Copyright/Fair-use. I endeavor to make this pedigree hobby-work highly original, stimulating, informative and meaningful – even if those advanced(?) suggest non-statistical analysis is subjective or sentimental. (I’m smiling….;)

It is noted commercial writers & advertisers (to pedigree & syndication’s) use TBL lines, for their own Commercial Use. Whilst Fair Use is general, a coincidence and plagiarizing as such is done without any thought, consideration, acknowledgment or credit thrown back to this site (i.e. as LIKE or offering a Sharing to Facebook, social media account etc.) If the copy-cat syndrome continues I will happily show MY READERS, the lack of your COURTESY & or, ORIGINALITY.

Also lifting original content, original photos, from this site, claiming content as one’s personal work, is degrading your own skill. A small acknowledgment (back) is only fair exchange.

Thank you.

*Great Reading on Blandford –

Blenheim II – Important Pedigree Ingredient

Reference material – Typology of the Racehorse – Franco Varola

Bloodstock Breeding – Sir Charles Leicester

1 Trait in a Genetic Ocean


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Today’s blog revisits Roberto’s (Hail to Reason) xeno-genetic transmittance.
– updating for pedigree buff reading where is…Roberto and Winx – workin’ them genes + Winx came from Herod

When “Designing Champions” – what foundational ‘mare’ belongs to more extraordinary breeding?

The strain, the trait, an attribution peculiar to the Individual, the bloodline shall assign the preeminence of family.

The ‘impression’ to phenotype…2 year old growth-development/speed, stamina potential, x-factor calculated to individuals racing character, the temperament, body ‘frame’ upon cited In-breeding. Those calculated contributors, as superior factor, are foremost.

refine the dams breeding

→ consider the dam’s Potential and depth – what a dam naturally, subtly possesses through formative bloodline, the DNA

Genus of bloodlines.

Roberto, (classified to f.f.12a), he the maternal, grand-dam sire of Zenyatta by Street Cry and compare Hold Your Peace (classified f.f.12b) as maternal, great-dam sire to Winx by Street Cry ( Roberto, Hold Your Peace are classified sub-branch’s to family 12)

It reveals to each, their distaff traces to Whiteshirt mare.
– prior accounts exist, where family tables concur much emphasis upon family 12 viz, Eclipse, per his grand-dam Mother Western.

By review, accounts to Mother Western (ex- Old Montague mare per Royal Mare) and Whiteshirt mare (ex Montague mare by Whiteshirt) are not related. (as the family 12 implies)

credit reference

– Whiteshirt mare and table Descent Chart 5

*there can be no doubt, that the Whiteshirt mare and Mother Western descended distinctly from separate roots the former tracing to the breed of Lord Montague of Cowdray and the latter, to one of D’Arcy Royal mares.
– *as ancestress of a prominent strain, the Whiteshirt mare deserves to be designated as a foundation mare of a separate family.

*White shirt mare was out of an extraordinary mare of Lord Montagu’s….

The distinctive factor further states: *the old Montagu mare, the dam of Sedbury. So called, from being daughter of a mare of the breed of Lord Montagu of Cowdray, who, in the time of Charles II, was famous for his stud of horses.

Sedbury (Crofts Partner-Old Montagu mare, from Lord Montagu’s mare, the family 68 from the Whiteshirt mare.

(n.b. Sedbury – the sire of Sedbury mare from Ebony, a Massey mare f.f. 5 where Ebony had 5 daughters and these where each classified family 5, these siblings however, not from Sedbury)

the ideal genotype-phenotype-prototype to WINX (Street Cry- Vegas Showgirl by Al Akbar) photo credit reference (FB & owners et al – we advise we do not hold ANY copyright and advise  Fair Use where the material here, is used exclusively to illustrate bloodline characteristics per the article and with no other purpose.  Please do not PIN. 

Winx f.f. 5b, her 4th dam Vegas has notably 3x’s to *Sundridge (see below).

Hoist the Flag f.f.5i (Street Cry) & of, Zenyatta 2x’s – the gems trace to ancestress Diversion f.f.5i. Diversion → Little Folly (her sire has 2x infusion to Mothern Western, 1 to Diana ⇒ Whiteshirt mare. Little Folly → Magnolia→→Sedbury Mare→Ebony by Sedbury from Whiteshirt mare.
Whiteshirt mare – maternal strain/ ‘trait’ back-bone to Empirical sire and of equine-soul to the Northern American Thoroughbred – Lexington (Boston- Alice Carneal) f.f.12-b

‘ Whiteshirt ‘ contemporary influences – Giants Causeway, Shamardal, Singspiel (IRE), Rahy (USA), Roberto, Meadowlake (USA), Hold Your Peace (USA), Grimaldi (BRZ),

mare – La Mission (ARG) ,

Champion Influences: – Macon (ARG), Peter Pan by Commands (USA) , *Sundridge by Amphion, Sainfoin by Springfield, Court Martial, Hurry On

International performing mare Wuheida (GB) by Dubawi – Hibaayeb (Singspiel)

watch for this sire – Frosted (Tapit – Fast Cookie) from 3rd dam by Roberto

What’s my take on this? As title suggests 1 trait in a genetic ocean and I cannot help but genuinely feel where Lord Montague’s mare (and possibly others) have quality genetics encoded ‘je ne sais quoi’. We can’t see them, they are not historically recorded, but are indeed defiant and present. Cheers TBL


Useful reading

more Roberto breeding influences – where is…Roberto! (Legacy of Lexington) (Sedbury – Ebony)

With due Thanks to historical notes and the articulate & astute research. Highly recommended it has reading which must be appreciated fullest and finest of detail.

on your game…

Eyes on any pedigree, TBL will identify dominating individuals and of ancestors that appear to possess X-factor inheritance and more so, the potential which has arisen through prior, judicious breeding.

– a further familiarization of fractional ancestors cannot go underestimated for it is these which provide an aggressive pre-potency. It is not always patterned, at close-quarter inbreeding.

 the specific appraisal, is to hinge the genotype, to a phenotype-prototype, for racing type superiority & thereof, its class.

Indeed, the A, B, C of breeding and an easy narrative beside every objective to its variance!

Stallion and bloodlines: – the tenon for inherent quality as encompassed by Industry (economics and production) where stallions influence production & breeders might evaluate breeding schedule through one sector below.

  • scarcity-value (to preserve) limited availability
  • elite-value (to conserve) black-type producers, ‘cyclic’ availability 
  • boutique-bred (prime market) self-governing, select, potential & opportunity
  • investment corporation breeding (selective, prime market)
  • commodity breeding (numbers & economy dependent)
  • low-end breeding production –  short-term transitory effect

By probing with readers, s.m. commentary and other….. there is a type of persuasion (?) where a newly purchased broodmare has requirements to produce immediate winners.

Indeed over simplified, yet a notion which holds magic.

Recently reviewing two pedigrees of contrast – one, ‘stamped’/renowned bloodlines and the other, a pedigree fallen away (by approx 2 – 3 generations) from its former breeding conductivity. The 2nd pedigree … (I thought) would take approx. 3 generations at least, to re-build where its 4th quality-performing dam went source-bred to European typology.

     – what warranted the purchase ?  Did category influence decision?

Any establishment upon pre-eminent bloodlines has the leverage…to go back to itself, through further production, the stock dependent on quality of sire, to HIS maternal lines.

Pre-eminence – Black-type producer.

The leverage towards pre-eminence, has the ability to improve, Ascend to the applied breeding-program designed, engineering the ideal prototype…benefiting  specialization of racing career ability.

The category (criteria) & the breeding to precociousness – a 2 year prototype up on speed fits mostly to a specific market which requires ‘quick’ return.

The 3 year colt criteria, to be sire potential thereof, ‘breeding rights’ for investors is a highly-sought commodity and objective. The colt-training stallion-making G1 achievements establishes promises to come.

–  the parameters shift to performance & performances with Timeform, time-rating (as speed productive comparable) which seemingly defines ‘speed’.

Humanity’s philosophy to speed for competitive breeding, versus judicious breeding which should be the imperative model to contemplate.

Competitive purposefulness: that quality breeding is synthesis ‘above’, rather than ‘bench-mark’ to a law of averages.

And idealistic it is – A responsible, breeding practice is to engage Improvement.

It is the balanced template for the constitutional robust providing speed and stamina ability.

as the ol’ man commented – when people drive past your farm, you want best on show.

The specimen you plan, you Get.


 “if realistic economic assessment forces a radical reduction in the numbers of stallions, thoroughbred broodmares and mares cluttering up our paddocks and stud farms ….my view is that 30% of the equine breeding population in Australia and New Zealand should be culled or pensioned off”   1970 Ross du Bourg (Australian bloodstock writer and author of The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred.



Replace the unknown with Curiosity, not complacency – Anonymous











Inbreeding Virtues

When the TBL site began – the ‘mission’ went to educate people whom knew little of  pedigree to the complexities of breeding through a layman’s eye.

Over the years, my mission has not changed.

People are eager always, to obtain more to pedigree substance. It is often indicated where pedigree programs have replaced the need for such subtleness – the algorithm will do it for them.

From old to new, there comes plentiful commentary how to interpret a pedigree & how to determine ‘what’ individuals drive overall, the pedigree’s vitality.

It is all very well appraising which superior, champion horse upon its performance and achievement gave the impetus to another already proven, champ pedigree. It is however, another ‘thing’ to project forward and keep the genetics turning favourably.

It would seem many a novice breeder, to commercial breeding thrives upon an inbreeding formula without fully comprehending why they doing it or decisively, what they are intending to achieve from it.

And oddly, I have yet to receive an answer…

This  1972 New Zealand Racehorse publication treasure below is edited, ‘cut’ and copied. These where the golden years of diligent breeding, to its explanation where the Breeders Intention and Principle is truly placed.

A Simple Explanation of Inbreeding Virtues.

The whole idea of inbreeding involves type fixation.

No system of such inbreeding has ever been evolved in the thoroughbred which produces 100% perfection.

What inbreeding is guaranteed to do is another matter. It exposes the homozygote and the degenerate animals produced from all such matings.

Breeders from the Royal Academy of thoroughbred genealogy are possessive of the knowledge and technique involved in distinguishing those lines designated as of homozygous composition against the heterozygous. 

These technical decisions are assessed directly from the pedigree, from the conformation, turf ability, and later in the brood mare paddocks.

…..from a faultless composition of the most desirable racing and breeding qualities it is to 1)Inbreed for speed and type fixation and 2) to outbreed for vigour, genetic contrast and 16f. staying ability.



@ Level 3


where is…Roberto!


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At lock-down – thinking out economics upon breeding, one may contemplate whether the glass is 1/2 full or 1/2 empty?

 And should we re-value what mares sold, what is culled?

Which lines are selected and how goes the justification?

Past crisis World Wars which deeply fractured many unknown bloodlines of the  breeding population and though it might be history, its recovery & re-growth.

The breed shapers came new. Nasrullah/Bold Ruler/Nashua – Native Dancer/Raise A Native – Northern Dancer/ Nijinsky et al

Yet shooting for the stars, the laissez faire economics morphed the breeding practice to consumption & industrialism. This interfaced greatly to sports gambling influence and  governance & racing pattern directives.

A racing pedigree came re-defined to sire $ and stake-win interest.  The statistical influencing the market, how-to-select, how-to-breed by ROI, to immediate turn-around.

And here we are…..wondering if its a black swan flying low or a may-day call-out.

MAYBE established studs are patronized well enough. However one might easily assume  smaller operations that are market dependent, have investment more exposed.

The core dilemma is always Decision & decisions: fundamental female bloodlines not recently produced or tested, yet nevertheless are classified elite, the ‘classic’ black-type producer. Primarily, they are a backbone of the breeding thoroughbred. They are foundational.

I contemplate the books written by Sir Charles Leicester, Franco Varola, Ross du Bourg, Ken McLean, Leon Rasmussen, Miles Napier – they all help to understand specialized thoughts to degrees of robust breeding & advice is accompanied by diligence.

Their meaningful breeding advisory, went to project well ahead. The Practice principle is about development: an ‘upgrading’ quality to breeding quality stock. Those writers mentioned above are still ahead of our time…..

Today however, is the mainstream exercise – the perpetual attempt to increase specialization to sprint and speed.

I have no intention to debate early colt speed sires, yet I do believe a global change is here and that course is changing before our covid-19 eyes.

Rather than Designing ‘pure’ Speed to the Racehorse, it seems propitious to instigate a TB  Conservation agenda. Or at least, assert more of specialized breeding.

What to cull deserves to be seriously considered.

A ‘Conservation’ application leverages Balancing speed nemesis thru to a ‘balanced’ constitutional longevity; widening the sire bloodline pool(s), and strictly sustain prototype progenitors & ensure ecological growth.

And without hesitation, the overdue ending, to a ‘wastage’ landscape productivity.

It is caustic to see early 2,3 year olds discharged without some level of maturity. The natural stayer coerced to a sprinting training and development schedule disproving any talent in less than a season or two.

It’s the crude indifference – mass siring of major lines, to an incessant, bland, and monotonous duplicated ‘numbers’ breeding methodology and notably, increasing deterioration of genetic value once given to classic/solid/rough/professional diversity.

Genotype pedigree analysis might come feeblest to bloodstock business know-how….but my god, how salient it is to see abandoned bloodlines emerge like earthquake, because genetic breeding is one slow innate process of ‘cycles’.

img_20200225_1627591572136581.jpgIs it too difficult to envisage ‘future’ Breeding for conservation – further the potential & expand quality via added-Values.

Such to the likes of the great Man O’ War, Blandford, Bahram, Princequillo, Hail to Reason et al. They are seemingly too genetically smothered.  Yet somehow, they simply bubble an extraordinary defiant robust potency.

With declining racing opportunity & escalating recession probability, let’s depart from imbalanced equilibriums, within breeding.

The imbalance(s) has claimed a morphological change to the breed, from proven stars to gambling chattel, investment commodity and yes, the horse-meat export trade.

I suppose I can only plead Walk-back up the hill, view, select, upgrade & support the thoroughbred breed. Equine souls are on the line.

For the ‘new’, for the future, It is time to embrace responsibility.

Inflated breeding is gone, gone, gone….

I’ve never run away from my responsibilities – Roberto Braggio

I don’t care about keeping seats of power – Roberto Braggio

Every manager can improve – Roberto Mancini

Young people are our future and I want to help them to grow – Roberto Mancini

Sometimes a player think’s its enough what they did the year before and doesn’t understand that everyday they should improve – Roberto Mancini


Roberto – a genetic powerhouse

(Hail to Reason-Bramalea (f.f.12c) by Nashua.

Roberto’s sire, Hail To Reason as a young sire very soon made his mark when he in 1970 ended the great Bold Ruler’s 7 year term, to leading American sire.

Broodmare sire Nashua, was a very sound horse. He sired tough stock.

Roberto’s dam Bramalea was a quality racing type, but moody temperamental which Roberto inherited.

Roberto’s dam, Bramalea descends from the ancestral Blank mare (Blank by Godolphin Arabian from Amorett Grey Whynot, ff 15).



Roberto was a particularly good mover suited by firm ground, though he was able to act in any conditions – Sir Charles Leicester

The horse (Roberto) was renowned for his strength (tho’ not with the best of knees) toughness, a fiery nature coupled from a very bad temper. Vincent O’Brien

Roberto is line-bred as follows:

Plucky Leige – 5sx5sx7Dx5d (*foundational elite mare f.f. 16a)

Mumtaz Begum – 5sx4D (conduit-elite, speed mare f.f. 9c)

Blue Larkspur – 4sx4d (classic chefs f.f.8f)

Teddy – 5sx7Dx5D (stout chefs f.f.2n )

Sardanapale 5dx5d. (professional chefs f.f.16c)

“If two or more ancestors with the Blue Larkspur/Teddy affinity are linked together it would produce enough electricity to light up Paris or New York”! – Ken McLean

“….he (Olin Gentry Sr) deliberately duplicated French champion Sardanapale 5dx5d. Nashua’s grand-dam sire Sardanapale” Ken McLean – Designing Speed in the Racehorse. (n.b Sardanapale, the champion 3yo colt in France and leading broodmare sire (France) and leading sire, 1922, 1927)

Though of American breeding, Roberto won the 1972 title to the English Derby. His hero moment was to defeat the brilliant Brigadier Gerard in the Gold Cup at York.

Further, Roberto is one strain-to-retain, the maternal pedigree is abundantly defined by 27x St Simon. Lining up St Simon ‘layers’ and depth is exemplary breeding (Read depths to St Simon → Waldgeist, the prodigious sire

“The pedigree of Roberto speaks volumes for how to breed a better racehorse.” Leon Rasmussen

as above, so below….Roberto

Roberto – grand-dam sire to Makybe Diva (GB) (Desert King – Tugela) 3x Melbourne Cup winner 2003-2007

Roberto – maternal grand-sire:  Zenyatta (Street Cry – Vertigineux → Kris S/Roberto)

Cartier & European champion, Enable – (Nathaniel – Concentric) – Nathaniel’s dam, grand-paternal sire Roberto ENABLE (GB) – supreme

Eclipse champion turf female 2018 – Sistercharlie (IRE) (Myboycharlie – Starlet’s Sister (IRE)

Consistent class performer, and 1-eye blind! She is Hard Not To Love (USA) (Hard Spun – Loving Vindication.

The high-class Kentucky Derby winner but fated Barbaro (USA) (Dynaformer/ Roberto – La Ville Rouge. Barbaro’s pedigree has 4×5 Nashua.

Giants Causeway (USA) grand-dam sire Roberto. Giants Causeway, grand-sire to ⇒A winged electric – Pinatubo

International high-class performer Americain (Dynaformer/Roberto sire line)

Darley stallion – Frosted (Tapit – Fast Cookie), maternal 3rd dam sire Roberto

Trapeze Artist (AUS) (Snitzel – Treppes), multiple G.1 winner in Australia.

Eclipse champion older male and he beat Zenyatta…..Blame (by Arch, a Roberto male line) standing at Claiborne stud. Note, sire of THE exciting 3 year rising star Nadal (USA).

– latest filly sensation Daring Tact (JPN) 3year old G1 winner from a Roberto male line via Epiphaneia (JpN). Daring Tact (Epiphaneia JPN – Daring Bird)

Roberto’s racing heart was tough.

Roberto’s encompasses a genotype pedigree of a indefectible conduit factor.

His genetics are world-beaters.



Further reading

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Australasian sire lines with Roberto ⇓

Trapeze Artist

Turkey – at stud

Myboycharlie (IRE) (Danetime  Lear Fan/Roberto) – Dulceata)

USA – 


please note the above are referenced for your discretion and research. Plus, more Sire’s with Roberto’s strain should be strongly considered, as the nature of the TBL article  suggests.


@ level 4

‘hot-spot’ the pedigree


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The summation of strains, to that of Danehill inbreeding.

subject horse: * Rubisaki (AUS) by Rubick from Senro Kisaki (Danehill Dancer) 9 starts for 7 wins . – (Danehill 4×3)


Danehill Dancer (inset head shot Encosta de Lago) 

TBL readers can believe other strains, shall & will influence the final determination of a genotype pedigree.

(Privately) I’m not to ‘fussed’ at ‘seeing’ @ doubling Danehill,  yet am mindful the duplication does apply where in-bred to Danehill, places many an Australasian pedigree.

  • Further on-line commentary has, poorer success rate across all Danehill mating’s to-date, too suggest Danehill in-bred has winners minority.

(n.b. the reservation is also down to the matter of ‘balance’ and have often prior commented the over-concentration of the female family 2d to both Danehill & Northern Dancer combined.) Moving on from Danehill

Ross du Bourg (The Australian & New Zealand Thoroughbred) …..danger of arriving at an unbalanced mating, through concentrating too many similar influences in the pedigree, in particular, over-refinement. The result tends to be the production of too much nervous energy, producing over-excitability, nervousness or constitutional weakness.

Without any for or against, rights or wrongs….. we may wonder where-the-devil-goes, sweetspotwhere IT will WORK.

Here, at the Thoroughbred Link – genetic supremacy to its Patterns means not counting  1+1=2 linear methodology. Rather it is the multiple-layered sources through numerous gene-linked individuals.

It goes by isolating ‘carriers’ , those strains, which in today’s modern pedigree should  be treated as KPI’s, as these are likely pre-potent Conduits.

Pre-potent/conduits cut through or over, the ordinary  i.e. genetic supremacy Strength.

After Winx’s pedigree researched 100 times-over, this exercise outwardly isolated strains that had comprehensive strain importance as to deduce ‘depth’ indeed goes long n’ deep. And notably, Individuals have order and a clustering – where genes ‘hang-out’.

As reviewing → – the first specific  by maternal infusions to sires Sharpen Up & Hoist the Flag are each designated female family 5-i to the ancestress Diversion.

Note and comprehend this  supreme trait- f.f. 5-i , through Kris/Sharpen Up to the likes of sires Sadlers Wells & Invincible Spirit, Hoist the Flag →Machiavellian (USA) stamping hard upon pedigrees like A winged electric – Pinatubo , Maximum Security, Zenyatta, Winx came from Herod .

– at very least readers, be aware these individuals are pivotal….to any pedigree.

The line-breeding chart is much a back-bone. How it measures (at-best) to target the irrefutable. It is tracing through these Genetics to future-plan finely tuned individuals.

In Rubisaki’s case (@10 generations) lay 26x’s to Selene, compiling of,  **f.f.6e Hyperion, Sickle,  Pharamond & New Moon (n.b. New Moon, the 3rd dam to Star Way, Encosta de Lago’s dam’s sire).

Selene is inbred to *Pilgrimage 3sx4d the female family 5-i.img_20190925_142943-01111284413.jpeg


Appreciate Selene upon a line-bred chart and find 32x’s Orville (maternal grand-sire Highflyer) plus the ancestral in-breeding to 3×3 Herod & Regulus as designated to the female-family 8a as descended through a Regulus mare, named the Ruby mare, the paternal grand-dam of Eclipse.

Like an inverted triangle the genetic road heads. 

However working through scion-branches to contemporary blood lines comes as an exercise of establishing which route collectively, to a spit n’polish Strain that ‘fires’. Hence as remarked above, Sharpen Up/Hoist the Flag/Star Way.

This is the ‘hot-spot’ catalyst of the Rubisaki pedigree: not 2x Danehill.

Only by reinforcing past nicks and genetic affinities can we restore and recreate the genetic code that enables superior ancestors to transmit classic speed. Ross du Bourg


social distancer 😉


The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred – Ross du Bourg








Hanseatic (AUS) – Black Caviar female family


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Hanseatic by Street Boss (USA) from Itameri (Aus) ex-Exceed and Excel

Hanseatic (rating 72) – the exciting 2 year old Australian chestnut colt owned and bred by Goldolphin.

Three starts, three wins demonstrating his perfect outright class.

This is a pedigree which draws attention to the colts 3rd dam Scandinavia, by Snippets. It is the same distaff to the unbeaten Black Caviar: ‘diamonds’ within a pedigree and her 1/2 brother sire All Too Hard (Casino Prince).

Take note – Female family 1-P – it is a distinguishing strain that mints sprinting prowess.

Hanseatic’s sire Street Boss (USA), by Street Cry (IRE) from a daughter of Ogygian (Blushing Ogygian).

Street Boss – finest n’ fastest son of the late Street Cry. This is the sting to his breeding prowess penetration.

Street Cry is pure prototype breeding – the superior phenotype.

In first instance, to researching the colt Hanseatic,  immediate thoughts went to a cross; akin to Winx’s sire, Street Cry and Black Caviar, via her maternal bloodline to Vain and Snippets (Hornbeam f.f.1-P)/Lunchtime influences.

Reflect, it is Vain’s grand sire the great Court Martial (f.f. 1-P), and to Vain’s phenomenal sire, the French-bred Sire Wilkes, his French half-brother Worden. (n.b. Street Cry’s 4th dam sire Worden, from Sans Taras. 


*Wilkes – ( Court Martial – Sans Tares, by the Solario horse Sind from Tara, by Teddy) raced only three times in his life at 3 years in France in 1955. He scored two wins, over 1500 metres and 2000 metres. A maternal half-brother to two winners of the Washington DC International turf classic in Worden II and Mahan. Wilkes was a immediate sensation producing the champion mare Wenona Girl. Wilkes was a tall, long-barralled, rich chestnut with a prominent white blaze and lone lengthy which sock to his near-hindleg. credit – Ross du Bourg

*Court Martial (Fair Trial – Instantaneous, by Hurry On, from Picture, by Gainsborough) A beautiful horse of superb quality, truly made, sound and possessed of excellent limbs…. Speed was Court Martial’s forte, which is reflected in his stock . John Hislop

Shaking up the star factor breeding, re-invigorating Vain vitality: the genotype/phenotype struck, re-emerged.

Vain also impressed by the way he could win races against top-class opponents and yet make it all look so easy.

He was able to carry many pounds over weight-for-age and still score in brilliant fashion. Kenneth Cox -Victoria Racing 1974

I believe that Vain was not only the greatest champion sprinter of the world in 1969, but is the greatest sprinter produced in the history of Australasian breeding…

Vain, the golden power-house chestnut with the rounded, rippling physique was described as ‘the greatest sprinter in the world’ by (then) rival trainer Bart Cummings. (Ross du Bourg, The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred)


VAIN – (Wilkes – Elated, by Orgoglio (photo source and credit as above + News Ltd.

Seek determining principles to sift over all strains versus an absoluteness inbreeding or to line-breeding, even when those principles ‘format’ the pedigree, as determining prepotency to polish and shine upwards, works the new genotype to phenotype.

Phenotype produces many, produces variation as really Identifying what prototype of breeding Is: distinguish what genetic- Strength through Type and Trait may give, as Intended.

What many may not realize as revolving the breeding is where, 7 generations, infusions influence the Effect, positively or otherwise. Basically the breeding has already incurred.

It is to tickle the latent, rather than heavy dosage direct.

The Hanseatic colt, female family 1-p –  gathering titanium can be sourced to Street Cry, via Troy, via Hornbeam, (n.b. Hornbeam through Snippets/Lunchtime = 2x ) via, his dam Thicket of female family 1-p, via ancestress Hilarity. Hilarity (King Tom from his dam Pocahontas, from dam Nightingale, she inbred 3x to Whalebone! Whalebone is of a Eclipse/Herod cross.

Put that through the pedigree and connect, Connect the mitochondrial bloodline afar – an interestingly, come the crafted gene of old.

Many attempt to over cook a pedigree in attempt to ‘sameness’ similarity, or over-balance, as if a requisite for more speed, which is kind of like asking for more dynamite.

It is such a case less, is more…..balancing the delicate network of strains which orchestrate a fine racehorse; throwing to a bio mechanical ability, again by ‘orchestrating’ genotype/phenotype to achieve its phenomenal speed and power.



Reference material

The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred – Ross du Bourg

The Classic Racehorse – Peter Willett

The Australasian Book of Thoroughbred Racing (Stockwell Press)