he who shall reign: The Autumn Sun


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“he will have to be good to win from there….” – The Autumn Sun – racing commentary 

Australian bred, The Autumn Sun, a 3 year colt undoubtedly is awesome plus. His exceptional winning finish to the Group I, Randwick Guineas (1600m).

Pedigree devotees can recapture attributes of pedigree and breeding commentary (older post): genus reflects: The Autumn Sun. https://www.pedigreequery.com/the+autumn+sun

read on for more breeding thoughts…..

TBL explores how (as most of our pedigree and breeding analysis blog has to-date) to discover genus characteristics (foundational) – those deeper ‘formative’ lines.

The emphasis towards a wider context, genetic relations: a fundamental concept towards a homozygous individual.

Sires and their genetics, their female strains, their own foundational contributors i.e. Ribot/Sunstar comments below ) contributes the overall assessment: every individual pedigree is pivotal to depth & breeding ‘thrust’.

Skill and perception over algorithem quantity in/of dosages to few in-breds or of greater, line bred individuals.

…to make clear that by balanced breeding I do not mean a mere literal transcription of identical figures, but a broader concept of equilibrium of influences.

figures and numbers, however accurate, will never quite replace our own personal judgement and feeling, even when looking at a complete dosage diagram….

Franco Varola

Some pedigree fans might suggest a sire or dam further back 5th remove beyond….is lesser or insignficant: claiming it cannot have significant contribution to the overall pedigree.

We shall beg to differ in that a necessary rarer trait has indeed carried: has mitchondrial DNA which is genetic of infinite TB existence and viewing the original ‘sunray’ pedigree wheels hopefully may illuminate some appreciation over conventional arrangement.


This ‘holistic’ or ‘synergistic’ build-up is so intricate, complex and fine-textured that is is invisible to the human eye – Ross du Bourg

By reading past accounts “a magnificent looking, long-barrelled chestnut – best sprinter of his time in England – founded a line of smart, short running sprinters in Australia and New Zeland – preocious, fast-maturing animals” commentary credited to Gold Bridge (FR) sired by Golden Boss, (The Boss line)it indeed emphasises the Classic Thoroughbred , something else high-class which surely stages it ‘living-on’ influence. (Golden Boss per Autumn Sun’s dam: view 6th remove, sire of mare *Rough Shod and her grand-daughter SPECIAL (ff – 5h)!!! hence 2x. Plus Ribero (USA) maternal infusion of G.B

We stress to convey, breeding merits through high-class & almost obscure strains project an undefined breeding edge – they pop-up/’in’ to many a superior performer, as today’s bred, and that in itself is ‘wonder’ and proof-to-the-eye!

Thus, there is the manipulation to a new cross to yet again, another ‘level’.

A persistance of speed or stamina determinants alone without deeper, thoughtful consideration to ‘working’:  the perfecting of thoroughbred as ‘balanced’ sound speciman, its phenotype, to its adaptability, ability, capability, temperament, gait, tempo where there happens to be there…..of considerable breeding typology expanses – through to the eventual variances of ‘type’ produced.

The hereditary actors that determine physical, mental and nervous constitution are transmitted by means of microscopic chemical substances called genes, which are units of inheritance. Each gene is responsible for a seperate characteristic or ‘character’. The science of the inheritance of characters is called genetics, and the whole inherited make-up, or genetic constitution, of an individual is known as its genotype. A genotype consists of thousands of genes. Peter Willett – An Introduction to the Thoroughbred

Application towards ability, capability, gait, tempo, temperament, its ‘looks’, as breeding ‘traits’ require careful practice – these breeding aspects have strong impact.


The love of breeding – ‘ balanced correctness’ is a principle that demands consistent application through every generation, every cycle with ‘eye’ upon the individual’s conformation, natural constitution of strengths or its weaknesses.

With responsibility to crafting breeding…studying past heritage, ancestral bloodlines, nature of inheritances can aid decisions to ‘where’ the pedigree maintains, improves or even diffuses its quality.

The more pedigree analysis as information, the more ‘indicators’  KPI’s will come to light through major influential strains.

Evaluating strains…..an Aga Khan bred, The Autumn Sun dam Azmiyna (IRE) note the grand-dams sire Lear Fan (USA) a son of Roberto → Hail to Reason.  A siring line as strains to the best of the best.

– those strains we collate here –  The super-nova of fillies & mares.

What TBL failed to mention genus reflects: The Autumn Sun was Lear Fan (USA) female family through to the granddam, daughter of War Admiral, son of the greater-than-thou Man O’ War.  timeless…. Man O’ War.

Additionally note Nantallah (USA) son of Nasrullah, another KPI strain noteable, as noted to collective breeding re: The super-nova of fillies & mares

How ‘close’ to the pedigree Man O’ War sits…. and once again do not get confused with the identity but revel in strain/trait as carrier/genetic coding the Infusion to bloodlines.

 – to quote late Ross du Bourg, Australian bloodstock writer “human intelligence and intervention can introduce the high degree of superior homozygosity that is critical to the production of outstanding racehorses.”

All animal breeding is the mastering of traits.

Converge genetics upon the finest – nucleus bloodlines. Redoubtes Choice (AUS) to dam’s sire Canny Lad (AUS) →  Bletchingly →→→ War Relic (USA), son of Man O’War.

Maternal – 3rd dam sire, Darshaan (GB) maternal →→→War Relic

There are 9x’s of Man O’War.

(sidenote, please do not assign a meaning that MOW is sum-total to Autumn Sun pedigee as indeed other highly influential individuals are necessary. The important point: what sits behind breeding application is ‘how’ the sire (broodmare sire) across maternal of the broodmare sire(s) may invigorate or stimulate a reinforcement strain belonging to that individual.)

Remember it is not how many, but the superior dominant gene which takes the trophy.

Ross du Bourg writer of The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred  – “Influence was, I decided, the crucial ‘missing link’ in the whole body of writing on the theory of successful thoroughbred breeding. This was my reasoning: the quality (as opposed to the quantity) of the ancestor that is duplicated once or several times is an *important ‘invisible factor’ in the ultimate inherited racing potential of the foal.”

….allow the law of prepotency (influence) to overrule and marginally compensate the law of proportion (contribution)

Review also mare’s 4th dam sire Ribero (USA) the son of Ribot. Only 2X’s you may say ? What is the relevancy?

Two strains clearly ‘central’/ close/direct…..infusion. This STRAINto RIBOT, location IS IMPORTANT TO REALIZE!

However, this is not what captures our interest!! No, no…..it is the fact…. the Tesio bred Ribot is in-bred to Sun Star (GB), the son of sire Sundridge.

Sundridge – the x-factoring KPI  speed ‘roots’ Castelvecchio – breeding beyond ordinary

Winx – True Colours and Winx – workin’ them genes

To the terribly, under-rated ‘scored’ pedigree – the australian gelding Terbium by Terango (AUS) ex-Serene Lass (AUS) from Not a Single Doubt (AUS) re-stimulates the same foundational traits. (n.b. Terbium pedigree is our next blog-subject, winner of Group 3 Zeditave Stakes, 4 starts, 4 wins)

I have long pondered why the Sundridge trait to superior genetic pedigrees is speed tour de force as it stands behind breeding.

It can be said the ‘invisible’ ecological conditions approach a gradual ‘enclosed’ standard: breeding as a matter-of- course, developes itself towards exclusive stakes-racing speed, the racing program or product function, as it stands today.

It emerges only the finest, the adaptable, the agility.  Balance: aero-dynamics/muscular-skeleton TB ‘correctness’ – its balance of motion n’ time. That it comes through to the resulting phenotype and that is where racing class is sancrosanct.

The horse who is so bred as to be able to use himself mechanically to the best advantage for galloping at speed has on an average during the long history of the Turf come out on top. The beautiful symmetry, balance and elegance of the high-class racehorse have come about as they afford the horse, this advantage. Sir Charles Leister – Bloodstock Breeding


Cheers from New Zealand  cropped-nyme31478829496


#thethoroughbredlink #TBL

Castelvecchio – breeding beyond ordinary


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A name to watch ….a 2 classy year old colt Castelvecchio –  Dundeel (NZ) ex- St Therese from Dehere (USA) winning in breathtaking fashion the (Australia) 2019 Inglis Millennium 1200m sprint.

To the sire of Castelvecchio – there comes a ‘soft spot’ as known formerly ‘It’s a Dundeel’ to his New Zealand and Australia racing days.

It was then, a strong hunch for TBL, that he is a very smart stallion. From the Sadlers Wells/Zabeel cross (to be exact the female family link (f.f. 5-h) via Special (USA).

Yes, its those tremendous blood lines which add that ol’ tough honest quality via Dundeel’s dam Luskin Star (AUS)/Star Kingdom (IRE), Wilkes/Court Martial, Right Royal (FR), Honeyway (GB), Djebel/Tourbillon/Ksar.



Of…Castelvecchio’s dam, St Therese ( also dam of Maid of Heaven (Smart Missile (AUS), 2018 G.1 winner) herself, a modest stakes winning mare, holds the genetics goodies via 4th dam, Flash in the Pan (AUS) inbred to 2x Sunstar by Sundridge.


This is THE ‘where’…. superior champions arise, to evolve, as TBL explores a-definition-to-traits which transcend breeding beyond ordinary.

What sights Castelvecchio’s raw competitive dominance on track, one just kinda hunches that its The One. The one distinctive trait which sits atop of the speed-sprint genetic pyramid.

In much earlier years, TBL read all the old, great stuff and this one liner stuck – “all things return to purity, its origin”.

We can thank Winx for epitomizing so much more than what normally meets pedigree.

Our continual gaze at her: Michelangelo phenotype genetics; elements to tempo/gait, muscular skeleton frame, a capacity ‘perfection’ outer and inner, holds the thoroughbred wizardry that breeders should deeply and significantly grasp at – the Trait-to-Gait for energy and efficiency.

The ‘new’ bred and a perfect prototype thoroughbred absolute for its majestic purpose.

It is by understanding, identifiying and viewing various hot blood breeds and cold blood breeds to – what distinguished these where ‘gait’ & the ‘bred’ function of breed.

Enter the Thoroughbred: a hybrid pool, numerous breeds, unknown ‘formative’ strains, (though we forget otherwise) and find critical discernment to the musco-skeleton frame to ‘walk’ with fleet 4 hooves.

Keep with an on-going physical check to genotype pedigree analysis – champions come special,  ‘echoing’ one illuminating strain filtering through the generations of descendants.

>Sundridge – Lady Jospephine, Lady Juror, Mumtaz Mahal, Stardust (GB), Sunstar (GB), Solario (IRE), Sun Briar (FR) and Nasrullah.

Within genotype to the individual… there is only really the Performance. It is placed upon individuals phenotype to carry out ‘exact’ action with an unequalled balance and rhythm: an efficiency towards muscle energy which coils, recoils, has meta-mechanical precision beyond, to allow its winning advantage ease.

Symmetrical balance is the order – the desirable factor, the desirable goal.

Indeed it gets more obvious..and again how the horses legs work/move/strike/lift upon ground, is in the entire fluid action, muscular-skeleton structure: the physics perfectly balance a ‘time’ co-ordinated to its motion and energy.

Think very deeply what broodmare traits are representing, transpiring, emerging – this is the breeders MO.


Cheers from NZ cropped-nyme31478829496

#TBL      #thoroughbredlink








El Roca – A Rocket Man Stallion



Last season, NZ – Waikato Stallion parade … stallion El Roca (Fastnet Rock by Rubimill (AUS) ex-Rubiton) had TBL’s eye.

With presence & stature, an appeal where, TBL could not quite place the hunch exactly why?

don’t ya love ya instinct….

After writing the blog on a minute but fascinating  detail (should you share ideas, developing and breeding from NZ family lines), then Redzel knocks off Everest Redzel (Snitzel by Rubimill (AUS) ex-Rubiton it became apparent why El Roca could exert his influence to be New Zealand’s rocket-man stallion.

yep, Redzel’s dam Millrich and El Roca’s dam Rubimill are full sisters by Rubiton (AUS) – their dam Mill Rani (AUS). 

With El Roca impressions, it was at Sunday maiden meeting where new kids (2 year olds) were kicking off racing careers and yes, into the birdcage a El Roca filly – she I thought….a few cuts above the rest, wow…admiration of length, muscle, walk, presence, stature.

We placed the bet & TBL threw the fist to the air: nice oneBella Mente 2yr old ch. filly (El Roca (AUS) – Joiya (AUS) by Stravinsky.

Bella Mente – photos by TBL

Copyright/Fair-use Diktat

Ten thousand Diamonds: Mongolian Khan & his progeny



TBL takes deep insight to breeding aspects which are not ‘daily’ accounted for, but what ‘backgrounds’ many superior pedigrees. 

It’s where the more superior champions take the depth & power: defining ancestral strains, defining ‘traits’ which tower brilliance above the rest. 

That particular trait is the brilliance, the classic consistent Sundridge. Sire of Lady Josephine, her daughter Lady Juror to be dam of Nasrullah, Fair Trial. Look for Solario (IRE)/Sunstar (GB) SunBriar (FR) = SUNDRIDGE, how that trait keeps delivering generations on.

Screen his phenomenal ‘blood’ to 2015 New Zealand & Australian Derby winner & Caulfield cup winner re: pedigree Mongolian Khan, by Holy Roman Emperor from Centafit, ex-Centaine with specific to Sundridge. 


(side-note -the Mongolian Khan yearlings are impressive individuals, nice-types, clean & much to please one’s eye – definition of bone, the shoulder, length of leg, scope to the individual. Now we can figure why Mongolian Khan ‘is a man of good breeding!)

 Read on

** Tesio’s Nearco – the dynastic genetic bull universally changed the breed and Nearco was sire of all.

Tesio recognized Nearco was brilliant but thoughtfully suggested not a true stayer. Franco Varola came to advise where Nearco’s progeny though brilliant at 2, the 3 year olds at end of the racing season did not show much interest thereafter.

In general it can be said that many progeny today, containing within, high  dosage(s) of Nearco, don’t stick around for the long-term. Super-charged precocious athletic & at first brilliant….then, hmmmm somewhat fading.

Find the old-blood, (Teddy, Gainsborough, Chaucer, Blenheim, Bayardo, Swynford, Man O War, War Admiral, Tourbillon and more…) a greater concentration of genetic substance has these days un ‘worked’.  Nearco appears like a one-way alley, no-exit street upon our pedigree charts.

Mongolian Khan –  (Holy Roman Emperor from Centafit (ex- Centaine) bred by Grenville Stud in Tasmania provides a pedigree with spunk & attitude.

Old bloods namely, The Mighty Atom alias Hyperion from Gainsborough from Bayardo, throwing genetic charge, deeply complemented by the Lady Josephine/Juror families whom we recognize as Nasrullah, Mahmoud, Fair Trial and Badruddin.

the fine, restrained, underlying crescendos (through family strains) to ‘fire’ the nucleus of the thoroughbred. Like peaks and falls through the cycles of generations, the individual ‘highlights’ what has gone on beforehand.

Mongolian Khan was bred by McCulloch in partnership with Coolmore Stud but when the colt was put through the sale ring at a William Inglis weanling sale McCulloch bought it back for $9,000 to buy out Coolmore’s share. “I sent the colt to New Zealand and sold him at the yearling sale for $140,000, but he was resold at a ready to run sale for $220,000 and purchased by his present owners the Chinese syndicate the Inner Mongolia Rider Horse Syndicate managed by Mr Lin Lang,”   http://grenville.com.au/

cropped-nyme31478829496                                                    Cheers!


Diktat Disclaimer Copyright/Fair-use 



Karaka 2019, bring it on….

Its my favourite time of year to go along to New Zealand Bloodstock sales at Karaka.

I mark out the few ‘hot’ pedigrees (by TBL modis operandi) not so much to see the price they fetch, but to view the individual’s phenotype.

On parade one might see nice-types with added appeal – which on one’s own terms irks something ‘I want to know.’

Come, back home, we’ll work the pedigree and find how I reflected this.

I am pleased to say & without any arrogance I follow my instincts and hunches well.

I have followed those horses through…it takes a few years, for hunches to come to fruition as the nature of a horse’s development through to its racing.

This also applies to the stallions ‘suitability’ to mares.

In earlier TBL years – it was New Zealand’s Horse of the Year 2005/06: Seachange (Cape Cross/Just Cruising) where I forecasted well ahead she would be the NZ champ she became. This by methodology re: female family tables. There is no in-breeding to the 5th generation and I thought the workability of the pedigree was clear as day.

It’s however, not always about picking champions, its the ‘judgement’ where horses cannot develop on, although they might pick up a few wins in their early racing career. Young ‘big’ horses precocious athletes (hate that term, actually) blow out, amongst many things of course, but I do feel the genealogy pedigree doesn’t help them.

Expectation & disappointment are hard learning curves, yet great ‘teachers’.

I realize its a hard game to win credibility – can only say, I cut teeth on elements which I had not envisaged.

Though TBL has few followers, but with sufficient ‘hits’ to suggest our advisory has merits. I have come to understand people rather not leave a ‘calling-card’.

I started on pedigrees about 2006 and amongst my formative questions…. as it made me wonder how breeding New Zealand’s wonder mare Sunline, came to prominence, other than be labelled the genetic-freak, which doesn’t sound too kind.




Anyway it is how ‘our’ pedigree analysis started and acquiring enough of a skill set to make at the very least, a fair judgment.

We have not adopted conventionality. Those same accounts have been here for eons and not much has changed other than smarter statistical reporting upon algorithms. i.e. everything has Nearco, Northern Dancer, Mr Prospector, Nasrullah. We just had to look what other possibilities there where to what was cutting the pedigree.

With simple complexity…. in-depth breeding principles do not & cannot change.

With other social media outlets… I have suggested each-to-their-own interpretation – bits of ‘info’ help others along every genetic jig-saw puzzle.

The TBL aim is to attempt to put different degrees or angles to the pedigree and in fact, it was Black Caviar’s pedigree Black Caviar: ‘diamonds’ within a pedigreewhich lead me to identify something better.  Yes in-breeding, line-breeding works but there is another ‘edge’ for which I have attempted to account for.

Its application is find the core, genus-type.

Genus breeding was well applied (meaningfully) by the earliest thoroughbred breeders in England because they where well acquainted with the history of the lines, the strains, which brought about the bloodlines. Namely, archetypal Eclipse whose many other strains within his pedigree where not accounted for and these are factors which I believe, have been brushed over by historians for convenience. Yes, I do have that antique literature from the horses mouth.

So elements, strains, traits, which I consider ‘lost’ over time, can allow or help us to help how pedigrees infuse, unfold and transpire.

Through this lens, the contemporary genus is emerging something extraordinary hence we blogged The super-nova of fillies & mares (It is an area where I will further explore down the track..)

I love the TBL blog, I love the research because I love to see horses succeed. I hate horses forced to race when no way in hell the pedigree will let them run.

2019 brings new opportunities, new horizons, new stallions, new horses, new challenges.

TBL believes it has helped many to find a confidence with their own breeding …..however the commercial sector have helped themselves for benefit.

Okay, I know its a cheapie website: public domain free-to-air, I find it perplexing one cannot at least offer a thumbs-up. Or, I agree to disagree and or other. Diktat

TBL has decided to step up and provide a new service which will be accessed by subscription with payment. More on this soon….

The ‘free’ blogs will be shorter content with less detail.

Cheers for now, cropped-nyme31478829496





The Pedigree Crunch

I think I can recall, or reading years ago – Sir Patrick Hogan (ex-Cambridge Stud, N.Z) commented, ‘racing’ is not ‘breeding’: breeding is not racing.

Instinctively I thought those given principles where correct: what he was suggesting right-on-point, a greater meaning to keep separate, the two.

The confusion is ‘how’.

Many might consider the theory surrounding our blogs, its pedigree analysis, as maybe ideology.

I suppose one maybe absorbed by better statistics, ‘sighting’ evidence, performance and stakes money, convention recorded, has its ‘proof’. Where pedigree analysis has the poorer relationship to those substantiated evidences. Our ‘theory’ by the way, is always ‘standing’ within the pedigree itself.

I assume some gaze on desk-top analysts & kinda assume we haven’t any meaningful purpose in life other than to gaze longingly at racing champions photos, study those pedigrees and say ‘hey, I’ve got it’…..


I’ve got it

Jokes aside: thankfully comes what is needed – clean up the desk, look through all those old notes of paper and revise. Think again….and the aha does drop from heaven.

Indeed, the scenario to study superior performers one after another: where one goes deep n’ far into the attributes of pedigree is that somewhere/somehow/sometimes you do miss the boat. And everybody is doing much same.

Before I attempt to explain some good ol’ plain non-fashioned breeding ‘ideas’ there are many and greater indeterminate multi-dynamic elements which forever take consideration.

Breeding intentions can be simplified. But that comes later…

If I asked what has your intention of breeding – many may reply to breed/own the racing champion. Or, reach the highest price because of that beautiful stallion, his breeding.

No, that is the dream….and speculation or unconscious expectation perhaps?

We desk-top analysts, have commented for some time the dying-off, of stamina & question, why this is really happening? The other long commentary relates to faulty-breeding i.e. horse-break downs.

There is also commentary to lack-of siring diversity, hence down the track a much lesser diversity with bloodlines. Now think of that on broodmares.  Can you see that future now? The bottle-neck narrows….

Yet, on another planet, the TAB just want numbers in a field, the gambling/entertainment industry does not want champions, it seeks greatest gains from a bet. The gamblers take ‘form’, times, data – the horse has 4 legs, why doesn’t it run…..breeding & ownership in an odd complex way, has its competition with the TAB.

Their economic existence is at odds – they should hook-up. wowyeah

Then there is our new planet Winx: – the game-changer, the truly special one, the dream is achievable, the culture is new, fresh, alive, people of all ages what to experience Winx.

Her seeds were in her dam and I doubt very much New Zealand interests would of sold if they knew what was in store?

Dam. Its happened before.

We all seek the gold: its properties, its powers and that is why in the blog The super-nova of fillies & mares those identified individuals ‘traits’ within individual performers are strongly evident where the superior genetic attraction thrives.

Don’t you think, Sir Patrick comprehended & analysed every individual within Sir T to carry more than enough genetic breeding merit.

Sir Tristram

immortalised – Sir Tristram at Cambridge Stud. Photo by TBL

Acknowledgement to that of the speed gene per the studies Dr Emmiline Hill:  DNA analysis to muscle development: a prediction to a horses optimum racing distance.

Much as one can take interest – is it & at the same time, the stallion is up on the mare, one purely says “wait a minute, we’ll order the classic winning speed-gene, thank you”.

I come back time and time on this factor ….where superior performers not only race better, they race different. That difference is time n’ motion, balance n’ gait effortless: bio-mechanical physical perfect.

Watch the video’s of Man O War, any great champion you like and you might get the picture.

From the desk clearing, dad’s old notes on farming & animal breeding popped-up. His guiding principles where not just one element. There where several.

Constitution – Capability – Conformation – Capacity – Temperament the core factors. From this ground, he calculated Racing and Breeding elements added towards sum-total.

That is the penny… speed is racing. The stamina is breeding. It helps when 4 legs are balanced & in more ways than one.

He persevered on capability and capacity. If the female is capable, (her records) via her breeding, then her capacity within the herd to improve, can sustain & give more.

Thus sustaining the genetic traits which worked well, seek to maintain but more so, minimize that which did not. i.e. iron them faults out.

In the art of breeding: he was thoughtfully working through the ideal animal which can take its ‘performance’, its phenotype should befittingly appear as of a natural result, closest as best, to ‘perfection’. Purer the better, was his expression.

Now agree or don’t agree… the thoroughbred phenotype over these last few decades has clearly changed.

‘Said’ breeding speed indeed has taken the stud master ‘command’ however its mighty evident the horses ain’t got the puff, the capacity, the capability and the necessary motion n’ limbs to do it. Rotary beaters, I think they’re called.

Its ugly for the horse and jockey where it don’t want to run because it simply can’t. I actually think its cruel but if you want it more descriptive, it ain’t fit for racing purpose.

If not right for racing, then we may say the breeding was not there but that is too easy an assumption.

It is becoming clearer to me (IMAO) the gait, its motion has/is gene responsible: this is what ability is and lays.

A good, clean balanced gait uses less energy.

Its a secretive thing that jocks, track-workers, breaking in horses etc have in ‘check’ how the horse feels, how the horse hits the turf, how the horse just feels underneath.

No words for it. See, that’s the divinity of Winx.

True Colours

It comes to the physical, the phenotype from the genotype, from the traits held within bloodlines.

In the old school called animal-husbandry – Calf-club days, stock-judging days to stock-judge (of cattle) you learn how an animal moves with its feet, you know if it has the bones to carry itself with its 4 feet, you know if it thinks itself a ‘cool’ animal (presence), you know if it wants to be around people (temperament), you know if it has attitude.

Many elements, many traits, pour through bloodlines such factors have to be weighed-up.


Cheers from New Zealand cropped-nyme31478829496





















The super-nova of fillies & mares


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A curiosity where/how/why superior genes appear? How they transmit etc…..

I thought we might take a quick view of our global racing stars and to find the common-ground.

Please remember, it is TBL practice to  refer by strains/trait & female family ancestral within the individuals pedigree. We practice like so because we believe this provides the clarity how pedigrees may be crafted.

Strains/traits,  KPI – ‘smart’, true transmitters (if you will). Strains/traits employ the female-family index, the carrier infusion through either parent, the indication of inheritances not by dosage alone, but by a better factoring towards a genus; the genotype as the net gateway to homozygous.

Some divas here, are prior blogged, however when TBL screened others we found a fresh ‘development ‘of a strain/trait identification which we had not noticed before. It’s the beauty of comparing a wide, superior group.

The value of recognizing these strains/traits through individuals, is so YOU can view your own pedigree – seeing what is ‘hot’, & what is genetically cookin’!!

Quality transmitters appear late and ripened. Please read diamond in the rough and what the bluebook won’t say & what genotype will say….

So…you shall need your pedigree software and we’ll take a look through…..

Superstar Fillies & Mares

Winx – Street Cry (GB) from Vegas Showgirl (NZ) by Al Akbar/Success Express/Hold Your Peace/ Prince John/Princequillo. Street Cry – Troy: Halo – Hail to Reason plus relevancy to – Hethersett (GB), the **ff-21a

Zenyetta – Street Cry (GB) i.e Troy, Halo- Hail to Reason from Vertigineux (USA)Roberto/Hail To Reason plus Princequillo line(s)

Oh Susanna – (South Africa 2017-18, 3 yr old champion filly) – Street Cry – Troy from Sharp Susan (USA) – Roberto/Hail To Reason + Princequillo plus relevancy to Count Fleet *ff-6a (infused to dam-line)

Newspaperofrecord (IRE) – Lope de Vega (IRE) from Sunday Times (GB) by  – note Troy (sire side), 2nd dams sire So Factual → In Reality (USA) **ff-21a , 2x Roberto/Hail to Reason

Sistercharlie (IRE) – Myboycharlie (IRE) Roberto/Hail To Reason from Starlets Sister (IRE) by Galileo/Sadlers Wells/Hail to Reason) plus relevancy – Nantallah (USA) *ff-6a

Jaywalk (USA) juvenile Breeders cup winner 5starts, 4 wins – Cross Traffic (USA) Unbridled/In Reality ff-21a, Cure the Blues/Hail To Reason. 3rd Dam sire Hold Your Peace 

Magical (IRE) – Galileo/Sadlers Wells/Hail to Reason plus relevancy – Nantallah (USA) *ff-6a , Prince Chevalier/Prince Rose from dam, Halfway to Heaven (IRE)numerous strains Prince Rose/Princequillo

Monomoy Girl (USA) – Tapizar (USA) his dam’s line In Reality **ff-21a by Drumette (USA) ff-21a, grand-dam sire Williamstown USA) ff-21a, 5th dam sire Nantallah (USA) *ff-6a,  + Bolero *ff-6a each tracing to ancestral dam Lottie Moon (USA)    ++ (Mr Prospector), the strain @ Count Fleet  *ff-6a tails same, ancestral Lottie Moon plus, Monomoy Girl her dam,  from Henny Hughes (USA) dams grandsire Hold Your Peace

Chasing Yesterday (USA) – Tapit (USA) – 3rd dam In Reality ** ff-21a + 2x Mr Prospector/Count Fleet *ff-6a; dam by Littleprincessemma as prior researched 3x Olympia/Miss Olympia whose great,grand-sire Plaudit, ancestral dam Manna, greater ancestral dam Wagtail (GB) (ff-21a)

Enable (GB) – Nathaniel, his dams grand sire Roberto, his son Silver Hawk (USA), the dam Gris Vitesse (USA), from French lines, to **ff-21a – greater ancestral dam Wagtail (GB):                                                                                                                               Enable dam, Concentric (GB) by Sadlers Wells. Inbred to Sadlers Wells hence, Hail to Reason & Nantallah *ff-6a.  2nd dam sire Shirley Heights/Mill Reef, Princequillo & Count Fleet *ff-6a. n.b. Sir Gaylord/Princequillo

Almond Eye (Japan) – Lord Kanaloa (JPN), sire King Kamehameha (JPN) Mr Prospector/Count Fleet *ff-6a,  Hethersett(GB) **ff-21-a, L.K – 2nd dam sire Cormarant (USA) Count Fleet *ff-6a; 3rd dam sire In Reality **ff-21-a. Storm Cat 4th dam sire Bolero (USA) *ff-6a. Storm Cat/Terlingua →Princequillo. The dam Fusaichi Pandora (JPN) – 3rd grand sire Hail To Reason. 2x (paternal & dam) Nureyev (USA), 2nd dam sire Nantallah (USA) *ff-6a

Now for the Connection!

….if you shall guide yourself through many of these pedigrees you may notice significance at deeper removes to Man O’War.                                                                        Man O’War/Fair Play/Hastings (USA), his dam line **ff-21a , ancestral dam yep, Manna.             The  ‘Y’ ManO’War Fair Play/Hastings/Spendthrift/West Australian ***FF-7a

Next point, follow through the Count Fleet/Nantallah ff-6a ancestral to Lottie Moon & note her sire Australian/West Australian ***ff-7-a. Note Lottie Moon grand-daughter, the in-breeding to West Australian

Hail To Reason – 4th dam sire Man O’ War/Fair Play ⇒West Australian

Princequillo – tail female through to ancestress, Morel, 4x inbred to Matchem.

Man O War – tail male descendent to Matchem


Matchem – Cade – Cream Cheeks from Sister to Miss Partner

West Australian – the first English Triple Crown Winner. He, the ff-7-a , ancestress Mowerina. Contemporary thoroughbred from the family are Danzig, Bletchingly (AUS) Invincible Spirit (IRE)&  its why they co-affiliate in the pedigree!!!

In a nutshell the superstar filly & mare ‘strain’ dynamics help to configure into place the superior bred.

Hopefully, we’re all aiming right!

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Cheers from New Zealand cropped-nyme31478829496





what the bluebook won’t say & what genotype will say….


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To research todays contemporary pedigrees when searched upon thoroughbred evolutionary breeding phrases challenges one’s optimism.

The considerations I apply to pedigrees has altered, as over a course of time – (new) sires and the breeding broodmare population vary accordingly through generational cycles.

The breeding thing called ‘genetics’ are never dialled-on-call, nor are they ever fixed. Genetics arrive from 5th-7th infusions, thus the genetic ‘adaptation’ or variation, is really the natural process-in-time.

Yep, you can’t change Nature and she knows ‘finer’ direction, – its jumping DNA.

The evolutionary breeding phrases WILL provide fair assumption of what has rightful inheritance towards quality thoroughbred & its sustainable future. Rightful inheritance those who ‘transmit’ quality. Not to diffuse, & that which may even confuse consolidation of female bloodlines.

Better effort is to arrive at ‘traits’ or the ‘strains’ within, (for genotype dominance) rather than through solely emphasizing that racing individual, upon its merits. nature genes

  • Princequillo male lines (forward & back) come very high on radar.img_20181012_125915-01211677342.jpeg

Whilst stating the obvious, global commercial male lines now tail to Nearco.

Who would think we are almost saying goodbye, see ya forever, to likes of staying fabric Hyperion, the dam Selene, her female family, the Southern Hemisphere amazing sire Sir Tristram, his grandson Might and Power (also ‘Selene’)

The election of Princequillo to the position of Supreme Dominator, under scientific classification of genetic merit, leads the provocative but reasoned assertion that Princequillo’s influence on the creation and shaping of the towering prepotency of Sir Tristram could be struck several percentage points of ‘transcendence’ high. credit: Ross du Bourg.

How is it  Hyperion, with Princequillo male lines is almost at an non-existent state?

How will young, speedy colts as commercial sires produce another???

Paradoxically new ‘roads less travelled’ may lay with the female/broodmare.

You may want to reflect… latest blog diamond in the rough

That good breeding is now forced to seek deep. Funny, how one opportune trait makes a pathway ‘correction’ within superior pedigree. That trait is structural/constitutional: not always about speed or stamina ability but another.

*It is a pity that through human sin much good material is wasted which was destined by Divine Nature to be chosen material.

The knowledge that sham is easier and cheaper to produce than the real thing, and the fact that there are still people enough who are deceived by sham, has just as much a deteriorating influence in the producing of wine, and other things, as in the breeding of horses. The craftiness of the breeder to produce showy stock very cheaply has often  made greater breeding progress than the expert knowledge of the consumer.


Tough traits are extraordinary survivors, adaptors.

Littleprincessemma – the dam of American Pharoah (older blog) – American Pharoah pows a ‘Grand Slam’ clearly exhibited 3x key-strains/traits belonging to that of Olympia (USA), dam Miss Olympia – female family 4-P. With references @ Mit. DNA identify heritage as Regulus mare.

(side-note: Chasing Yesterday, chestnut filly 5 starts, 4 wins – by Tapit, from Littleprincessemma, where Tapit’s key strains to female family 13-C i.e. Mr Prospector/Seattle Slew/Le Fabuleux (FR) take heritage to Regulus mare. )

We find harmony of genetics works stronger than the sex-balancing towards few, major-players of the pedigree. What we mean is to find (at best) genus, the bloodlines which we may assume has truer genotype.

The more composing harmony of the genetics, comes bio-mechanics/structure/ability.

It’s back to school, knowing basics, by these terms, as written from  The Australian & New Zealand Thoroughbred – Ross du Bourg  – whose complete work, lives on….

gene: the unit of inheritance transmitted by the chromosome

genotype: the fundamental hereditary constitution of an organism; the genetic formula of the organism.

homozygote: an organism that contains two identical genes for the same characteristic, and hence will breed true for that characteristic if mated with an organism similarly homozygous for that characteristic.

heterozygote: an organism that contains two dissimilar genes for the same characteristic, and there will not always breed true to type.

prepotency: the ability of one parent to impress its hereditary characteristics on its progeny because it has more homozygous, dominant or epistatic (the gene which determines whether a trait will be expressed. One parent is prepotent when it consistently outperforms its partner in transmitting critical racing characteristics.


Cheers for now cropped-nyme31478829496



diamond in the rough


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with sincere hope that it will promote the love of the noble creature, the horse, its breeding, and trial on the race-course.  – Burchard Von Oettingen, Trakehnen 1907

It appears (at times) where only a bare few shall take a solid appreciation from thoroughbred history.

…all very good photos of great, noble champions but is it for others (?) coming to grips via TB ancestry and evolutionary developments is horribly, kinda inconsequential ?

I myself and like many, shall gaze for hours re-living their days: racing champions, the thrill n’ passion remembering superior performances of yesteryear(s).

And of course, its soooo easy to esteem those pedigrees of superior champions. The proof is there….

Proof & evaluation…from truer-at-heart analysis to interpret the Patterns, highlighted superior individuals (as strains) that no pedigree shall ever go without. Period.

Come on…. we are no longer centring Mr Prospector, Northern Dancer- they being a ‘zero-point’. Rather, we are to notice emergent & distinctive broodmare anomalies that ‘spike’ from female family inheritances.

Oh my…. what it is to be reminded from good n’ old; the genetic routes/the genetic infusions: to the old/best/new/hottest epigenetic genes which chuck themselves out clearly & upon superior individuals from their ancestral circles.

Seeking old/best/new/hottest individuals is never plain as day but nor illusionary. The pedigree only reveals in subtle detail. Algorithms don’t show…

In TBL philosophy 🙂 these old/best/new/hottest genes are survivor strains. They are clearly not plentiful and with good reason.

Like Quality antique – the, Horse Breeding Theory & Practice had practices, principles, arriving superior quality, now forgotten or ignored in modern times.

Like three wise men, there wise words of age old perspicacity are comforting, a logic of  common sense but also comes, the vague sadness where modern breeding principles by performance and commercial productivity can liberally convey everything & Everything is soundly bred to race.

Getting a good-un horse – be it self-bred, purchased, secured on-line, or syndication shared by ownership is the horse n’ human quest for distinction.

Yet regrettably old-fashioned breeding fundamentals (and all its immense, eternal pedigree detail) to arrive upon that champion individual is veiled deep or plainly the dynamics are lost-in-time or is it, the lottery of horse-trading?

For some time we’ve being lamenting the intensified loss of diversity: the dwindling pool of broodmare numbers, the global mass-pool of descendants come, Northern Dancer ‘Y’ and the resulting TB, its phenotype.

It…. a dramatic global funnel of tightened genetics which bleeds deep.

Yet out of the social-media blue steps out an ‘ad’. A welfare/rescue 2014 born TB mare needing to be adopted & re-homed. Her name is Liberty G & by the photo she’s had it tough.

But…there IS, the bone.


I assume some bloodstock investors may say garbage….

And I guess, the welfare fraternity have (on her behalf) shall rightly say, no more horse-wastage…

Yet by example it screams at disaster, how the TB broodmare genetics quietly, & disgracefully disappear because bare few comprehend the precious bloodline, as its life, lays within.

If we are serious about reducing horse-wastage or better still, a conservation-in-breeding mind-set then study this pedigree well.


Should anyone not be familiar to bloodlines, family tables etc etc then let’s introduce that one and only European champion by name…. Frankel.


Yep… of the Liberty G pedigree you are looking at the same female family as Frankel. (ff 1-k). Not a lot of them about is there!

Screen the Liberty G ancestry – the much fewer/lesser strains of Nearco, towards the noble old bloods, & as sorely missing (abundant wise) from many a ‘now’  evolving contemporary pedigree – namely Teddy and that of, Man O’ War.

Look to the Liberty G siring line (Deer Lake, USA) that of grand sire Hold Your Peace (USA) where the writer, with others, has identified the stallion (frequently) as the superior breeding lane ⇔ Prince John (USA)/ Princequillo. See Winx – workin’ them genes

refer also – Hold Your Peace (USA) 3rd dams maternal sire: from equine gods…Kukulkan (Mex)

If we ever ‘think’ we are improving the Thoroughbred by rubbishing the reliable, consistent bloodlines and opting for modern quality from performance alone – then think again.

“bought for peanuts – won a fortune – wrecked the know all’s, to the delight of students and officials”


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cheers from New Zealand, TBL cropped-nyme31478829496









opportunity slips by….


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Hot, endless fascination – Everybody wants a ‘Winx’.

Last month, New Zealand Bloodstock had its November Ready-to-Run 2 YO sale.

With familiar interest….one stood out.

TBL wondered how many might see the pedigree, pick the genetic profile.

We loved the 2 year old filly’s genotype, her breeze-up time and that balanced efficiency of gait belonging to Winx.

The pattern of another Winx is rare occasion however those key strains clearly stepped out from the page.

To the law of probability -the magic chemistry of genetic strains through crosses, we should assess from the Winx genotype, directs, ‘shapes’ overall structure.

The filly in question & subject – by Shocking (AUS), the son of Street Cry.

Shocking – 2009 Melbourne Cup winner. http://www.richhillstud.co.nz/rich-hill-stallions/shocking/stud-record

The dam – by Tale of the Cat (USA) where the dam’s dam is by Success Express. Yes, the key strain of Troy (GB) and Success Express (USA) is the ‘X’ factor we scored Winx on.


Other bloodlines and contributors all ‘held’ intact – their own key family affiliation pliable to the complete pedigree.

– via individuals Danehill and 3rd dam sire: Bletchingly (AUS) (as noted before via TBL genotype profiling) are genetically communal. Yet, better still the zone: sire’s broodmare sire across the infusing maternal  zone. Essentially, they are the speed strains.

Also noted through sire Shocking (AUS), point-to (maternally) the strain belonging to Roberto – his inbreeding to Blue Larkspur.

(*side-note See how/why Blue Larkspur ‘crosses’ along side Mr Prospector/Native Dancer read here Almond Eye (JPN)

Yes, the Roberto strain present in the maternal to Zenyatta (super star daughter of Street Cry, Winx’s other )fullsizerender

Silly Season (USA) – (Shocking’s 3rd dam sire); the strain infused to Winx’s broodmare sire Al Akbar (AUS).

*(side note: Silly Season (USA) to Mexico sensation – Kukulkan from equine gods…Kukulkan (Mex)

Other interesting notes – this 2 year old, bay filly from female family 2-r. Say hello to the family trails to Sunline, Phar-Lap both ff – 2r: New Zealand exceptional racing family. Patterns of Nature: Phar Lap & Sunline

An un-named filly has the star rated quality genotype pedigree. Excellent, sweet spots sweetspot

Now…the suspense.



Cheers from New Zealand cropped-nyme31478829496