Conduit, of essential Difference – Part one


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On the recent NZ stallion tour, I was mindful to the Studmasters commentary, where addressing the challenge to breeding for market; to their observations of how tradition once held to the stamina type, has undergone its progressive change & alongside demand for early speed.

Objectives of genuine breeding meet greater ineffability of breeding and I feel for sure those challenges, how they always follow through, engages a terrific foresight.

As such, for a long brow-beating period, TBL has pondered the subtle & exceptional influences within & of, the high performance individual.

The ‘devil is in the detail’.…. and I shall opinion, it is a pivotal strain which ‘fulfills’ breed shaping criteria.

Step aside from in-breeding, or to that of line-bred individuals; the consideration is to seek the essential conduit of superior difference(s) and aim towards what must be the superior, complete phenotype factor. i.e. dual purpose.

The conduit, what may induce the correct type of consistency: stamping individuals great turn-of-foot, propulsion, to be best from best and win. Better said: the bio-mechanical capability and efficiency.

The task to breeding is to catalyze true conduit factors to induce the finest possible specimen.

To appreciate the general principle – research these pedigrees below and view the breeding trait – what brings the ‘life’ to bloodline.

What made Ribot. (e.g. dam inbred to Sunstar f.f. 5i, via Sundridge)

Hyperion. (dam inbred to Pilgramage by The Palmer f.f. 5i)





Thus, its not duplicating the pedigree: its revealing it.

The thinking exercise ….the ancestral trait/influence ON the pedigree and what contributing traits support the proposed quality bred, prototype.

The method, is to refine pedigree…..


Because over a sturdy study to TB heritages and the evolutionary cycles; the invisible spectrum’s of breeding, to those deep depths, finds, purest genus is the one lasting prototype.

Cryptic as it is, that is the key.

Our remarkable blog Winx came from Herod asserted the Herod prototype. Researchers take similar view: archetypal Herod is King.

We may ask: where are those factors today, what may again transmit the distinguished class?

Ancestry-on-repeat and always, always, genetics mitDNA to reflect again ‘why’ evolutionary ‘roots’: the ancestral attributed Family 5 – the Belvoir strain – uniquely labelled ‘special’. Kingdoms & war-horses, horse- breeding, Christianity, European feudalism, knights & territories. …the evolution of the Thoroughbred, probably by the inter-breeding Buckingham’s Spanish imports with the pre-existing Rutland bred hobby horses & Galloways.

Through the ages…it all equates to a key principle; a horse is genuine, bred ‘fit’ to its type (of kind) duty, as also goes the modern equivalent i.e. to race and win like a champion.

As conventional ‘methods’ apply in-breeding, line-breeding and RF to most breeders modis operandi, those helpful determinations are not always to bearing the finest.

Many usual patterns through pedigrees (i.e. Sadlers Wells, Mr Prospector, Danehill etc) come almost rather ‘close’ to a varied similarity. And though the data of popular successful nicks to those siring sons has its record – it is historical inclined, without yet aiding, how latency is still ‘gold’.

Sourcing influences as transmitting ideal traits to pedigree, via the individual what ‘gave’ – we shall conclude: right conduit trait will ‘sharpen’ and underpin the breeding be it through maternal or paternal.

it does little good to go through a litany of linebreeding crosses if we cannot learn how to exploit the newly gained knowledge in the future. Les Brinsfield The Pedigree Post

As ‘said’, the purpose follows – an early and high performing/enduring individual bred bred fit to its pressured ‘sport’ development & of demands to commercial sector, has really commanded an extreme demanding charter upon the thoroughbred horse.

Such charter….ultimately shapes/uptakes a specific biological geno/phenotype character: precocious capacity to sprint and stay (at pace) to sprint and burst with complete domination.

“keep things simple and we will see that there is no way of measuring a certain distance and which speed ends and staying power begins. It would be like trying to determine where cold ends and heat begins. It is all relative”. Speed and Staying Power, Federico Tesio – Breeding the Racehorse.

First-up, to our exclusive profile series to come…Exceptional Conduits 

The first subject ‘horse’: the late Sir Henry Cecil described him as one of the great mile horses of the century – genuine and with immense ability.

With a race record of fourteen victories and two seconds from sixteen races, let’s identify Kris/Sharpen Up.

Kris’s sire, Sharpen Up from his lesser reputable US sire Atan (Native Dancer), yet with dam Roccheeta’s breeding, the explosion, to the breeding of juvenile champions to best sons Kris, full brother and champion 2 year old colt Diesis.

stallions can be like grass, they can spring up where there wasn’t any growth before – Charlie Whittingham, Hall of Fame trainer.

Kris sired Irish-bred, Triple crown winning filly Oh So Sharp (Kris x Oh So Fair (USA) and mare, Unite (Kris x Pro Patria) winning Epsom and Irish Oaks.

Find Kris/Sharpen Up to Invincible Spirit (IRE)(Green Desert x Rafha ex-Kris) his shattering record for 2yo winners, to his Australian siring son I am Invincible the no. 1 sire of 2 year olds 2018/19. 

High Chaparral (Sadlers Wells x Kasora, grandam sire Kris) – champion 3 year old colt England/Ireland sire of black type winners Contributer, Dundeel, So you Think, Descarado, Shoot out, Toronado, Monoco Consul, Rekindling etc.

Crystal Ocean –  currently ranked world no.1 horse (Sea the Stars x Crystal Star, 3rd dam sire KRIS)

The 3 year old Germany’s Derby winning colt, Laccario by Scalo (GB) from Laccato (GB) –noting Sharpen Up (5×5)

The consistent US performer, Get Stormy (Stormy Atlantic (USA) from Foolish Gal to broodmare sire Kiris Clown, his dam sired by KRIS.

The equivalent conduit to many American bred lines is Hoist the Flag, grandson of Ribot.

Hoist the Flag went described with an exceptional fluid gait – (hints) a bio-mechanical efficiency. 

Hoist the Flag- a champion 2 year old colt & highly-noted for leading juvenile sire and broodmare sire. As stallion, he died ‘short’ – at age of 12. 

Hoist the Flag influence is worth noting to 2019 Kentucky Derby disqualified winning hero Maximum Security and the lovely world class mare Zenyatta by Street Cry to his sire Machiavellian. And, of course Winx….

The world ranked Australian bred Santa Ana Lane (AUS) by Lope de Vega from Fast Fleet (AUS) noting Machiavellian and the 4th dam sire Hoist the Flag.

History Hall of Fame and All-Time greatness, the undefeated – PERSONAL ENSIGN – (Private Account from, Grecian Banner by Hoist the Flag) 



TBL conclusion…it is not only in/linebreeding but where to establish ‘right’ conduit inheritance that bite ‘hard’, as possible latent factor, indicated from those superior individuals & as demonstrated through their racing and breeding feats. Their incredible ‘intangible’ phenotype, to what surely has its economical bio-mechanical strength. i.e. phenotyped  correctness

Kris/Diesis/Sharpen Up, Hoist the Flag truly merits any pedigree well. 

And here the latest KRIS influence: look to the close, maternal pedigree, 3rd dam of the very exciting 5 times winning, 2 year old colt Pinatubo (Shamardal x. Lava Flow). Shamardal/broodmare sire Machiavellian (Hoist the Flag)


Kris was the kingpin in Europe over 8 furlongs winning 7 races including the St. Jame’s Palace stakes at Royal Ascot, Sussex Stakes (Goodwood) & the Waterford Crystal Mile & Queen Elizabeth II stakes at Ascot. Evening Times 1980.

Hoist the Flag’s breeding stats, do not tell the full story….

Shiekh Hamdan was the first to buy a share and breed a mare to Diesis and he supported him his entire career. He was (as) aware of his successful brother Kris. – Talkin Horses. (as response appreciating Sharpen Up breeding to world-class runners.)

Painstaking, intelligent, sometimes intuitive choice of a maternal grandsire can lead to the creation of celebrated nicks, where the blending of two sire names leads to the production of a new, superior brand of racing animal. Primacy of the Genes – Ross du Bourg

Genius defies logic….

(post blog update: Desert Encounter (IRE) by Halling (ex-Diesis) from La Chicana (Invincible Spirit) → KRIS. A consistent performer and winner of Canadian International Stakes.

Cheers for now, cropped-nyme31478829496


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ENABLE (GB) – supreme


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Subject: Enable (GB) – Nathaniel (IRE) x Concentric (GB).

Pedigree analysis discovers the true nature to genetic patterns, strains and traits within.

 –  where/how/why genotype breeding, placed from contributing family bloodlines, as they ‘return’ through an individual.

The genotype is a graph, via family tables showing of sorts, a zig-zag relationship. Family breeding tables serve as a convenient link helping to place its orchestration.

Enthusiasts will note close inbreeding (3s x 2d) to Sadlers Wells (USA) – a dynastic gene empire all on its own. Sadlers Wells, the female family 5-h.

Other noted strains infused to Sadlers Wells breeding; through blue-blood producer Lalun (USA) the female family 19-b. She produced Bold Reason (USA) and Never Turn (USA) , sire of Mill Reef, he the sire to Shirley Heights (GB), the grand-dam sire of Enable.  Lalun 5sx5Dx6D.

Now note, Lalun’s sire the French-bred Djeddah to the family #13c. More important (as genetic power) the powerful progenitor siring line to Tourbillon. (n.b. Tourbillon taps through the entire pedigree…9Sx8sX8Dx9Dx9Dx9D it is important to note detail how/where and these to be treated as both strains & TRAITS contributors!)

As genetic building blocks, the Lalun/Djeddah connection which goes to so many a global pedigree to that of Mr Prospector family #13C.

Finding its ‘relationship’ to further explore contributors and in this case Mr Prospector, sire & mare… Native Dancer (USA) and Nashua (USA) shall reveal how pedigree progresses.

Refer to Roberto, his dam’s sire is Nashua (connect those dots!)


Lalun – 5sx5Dx6D (photo source unknown)

With method to ancestry, its evolutionary passage, helps to ‘organize’ or ‘arrange’ the appreciation of co-affiliation branches to its contribution upon pedigree.

The more detail or division into the pedigree, one may ask “well…where does it start and where does it end”?

Lately…. I have commented it is not so much the ‘volume’ or mass of obvious strains (line-bred) since many a global pedigree trends much the same to similar depths. So then... it is the subtle strains which appear to ‘support’ the greater to its distribution mass, pointedly where IT COUNTS  directly.

For this reason it is to extend the pedigree to 7th-9th generations: as indicated above….. appreciate the co-affiliation, as all contribution, as traits infuse.

Through dam’s lines, (infusions) mindfully understand what her main trunk is becoming….or has been. Enable’s dam Concentric has the infusion of family #5-h through a sire called Limelight. The connection is through Sadlers Wells and Limelight (GB) has they both come from ancestor family – Simon’s Shoes. (just think Mitchondrial DNA)

This my TBL method (of sorts) demonstrates a strong familiar pattern and type formulation.

With Enable’s pedigree as template and on a side note – where TBL has noted many a time to European breeding through history it is by Key strains, key families, key genus roots-at-origins…the female family #9:#4 has maternal affiliation.

Like building-blocks, the ff#9:#4 are keys, are strains factoring. They ‘remember’ the familial evolutionary relationship – as foundation traces. (see below)

Utilizing maternal foundations, evolvement, capitalizes on xx inheritances. A core fundamental to establish how the thoroughbred ecology has transpired.

Enable – the female #4m family.

Communal #4 branches concentrate the XX origins, mitochondrial DNA.

Such application re-sources the composite origin in cohesive degrees. It is an eternal co-affiliation.

mare 4, 9662686701..jpg

 Note the #9 : #4 branches & pattern to Enable where Nathaniel/Galileo are strongly 9 families to the dam Concentric #4m.










Nijinksy – the fire.

“I am an animal with reason” – Vaslav Nijinsky


Through daily workings, I went reflecting those individuals with an intrinsic value to breeding. The international stud operation headliner hook: ‘retaining the scarcity value’.

Scarcity value has the enduring quality of the specific few. The bloodline component common to superior racing individuals. Their breeding as stallions or mares, coming down through descendants retaining the ‘X factor-quality’ of something money can’t replace. It’s kinda how one goes investing for bloodlines….

I was surprised where a pedigree-advisory commented some stats. In-breeding Nijinsky sound-off… ho-hum lousy.

Whoa, hang on…..! Compared to what?

Algorithms – I remember an evening when challenged by a programmer of breeding software i.e. discussion to that proof he had to ‘tenets’ of breeding.

Non-favorable nicks through algorithm/database calculations, may speculate good things, bad things. The impression to contravene long-term generation breeding programs. Dosage ‘uplifts’ to rising the bloodlines; the maternal infusing/productivity is ongoing.

That is the riddle, & know-how to rise n’ fall of bloodlines.

Infuse/upgrade bloodlines, diffuse bloodlines/downgrade.

A Quality Sire and his daughters through to her broodmare years can only retain quality, regardless.

It is a painstakingly long exercise to lift a law of averages over generations.

It is the breeders ‘lore’ to understand this is where the game is. Nature calls it ‘selection’.

Favorable nicks, unfavorable nicks??? let’s chew-the-cud on this…. separate the market fanfare as wheat-from-the-chaff just know Nature calls its better tune, through dominance.

No doubts breeding has reaped much change. The ‘numbers’ made it change. Thoroughbreds – real-estate or commodity. A beautiful sham…

It’s complex n’ tricky business but I shall persist where peculiarities towards pedigree analysis, to the actual breeding itself, is to carefully discern where the breeding program is advancing to, as well from.

The requisite to breeding is to understand both what strengthens or weakens – not only of ‘lines’ but also the constitutional phenotype.

– the ever increased sprinting over sprinting lines of ‘listed’ stallions has incrementally confused, thrown out breeding practice, throw out consistency, thrown out elementary constitution.

Thoroughbreds without diligent breeding –“now its about sales. There is an intersect between sales & racing, but it is very tricky to find the sweet spot right now” Tony Lacy.
How true!

Perhaps, perhaps, Science genetics and bio-mechanic technology might solve what stipulates superior genotype/phenotype attributes of greater selected individuals. And maybe… it’s solution for bigger investment/ commercial operators (dry humour…)

Back on the subject…. in-breeding Nijinsky.

Be reminded, Nijinsky is ‘immeasurable’ – rich as a genetic-ocean; his breeding has exceptional & infinite influence.

“In most ways Nijinsky was the perfect racehorse: he was a well-grown individual, good-looking and a fluent mover. As a two year old he was unbeaten in 5 races”.

Sir Charles Leicester

So when encountering Nijinksy to any pedigree, its excitement where he, Nijinsky continually ‘arises’ with genetic prowess of an unknown consistency.

Aside from Tapit, Fastnet Rock, Beauty Generation, War Front, Redoute’s Choice, Black Caviar et al –

→The promising new star Airlie Stud stakes G2 winner, Niarchos bred, 2 year old filly: Albigna by Zoffany, from Freedonia ex-Selkirk has Nijinsky – 3x – 6Sx6Sx4D.

→Silvano’s Pride (SAF) Group 1 winner mare by the German bred Silvano from Mary’s Pride ex-Jet Master has Nijinsky 4Sx6d & importantly, a Nijinsky male line.
→Hawwaam (SAF) multiple Group 1 winner, 4 yr horse – Silvano from a mare by Jet Master n.b. Nijinsky male line.

In the name & of finer sacraments to ‘breeding’ them well – one can never discount Nijinsky where back-breeding ‘back’ to the breed to ensure the backbone.

That backbone IS the future of breeding….

It is with ‘quality’ and only quality upon line-breeding to eventually mound, its finest. Genetics shall merge, soften to be more distantly powerful, than the nearer. This is the story of natural progression….

So if ya’ all get the TBL sermon….you breed IN, what ‘seizes’ the desired quality. Period.

“man selects for parentage those specimens of the breed which show the qualities which he wishes reproduced” – Sir Charles Leicester, Bloodstock Breeding




Winx came from Herod


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1758 King Herod was a bay horse of about 15 hands, three inches high; he was a steed of substance, great speed and power. His figure was uncommonly symmetrical. Page 267, 268 Antecdotes of Horses, and the Allied Species by Captain Thomas Brown 1830


It came with little surprise where new science research establishes St Simon ‘Y’ ‘links’ with more Herod variants, than those to Eclipse: (*further reference & credit below)

St Simon line-bred places duplication’s – Herod 55x, to Eclipses 41x.

To the infinite subject, what keeps the pedigree fires going because of dying-down diversity to a fixed Northern Dancer/Mr Prospector/Native Dancer prototype, the assessments must be made by way of other strains.  In-breeding and line-breeding determinations as rhyme n’ reason totality, can find the action is going elsewhere.

The map, is not the territory.

It is an exercise to unravel how ancestral ‘close’ incestuous like, breeding relationships (strains, genealogical ties) come tied deep, through the breeding. It clearly places the HOW.

The important depths, of the genealogical body established well before a classification to split-like designations represented as family numbers indexed to race-name individuals.

Aside from in-breeding, or line-breeding preferences, the complexes go deep into detail WITH a long view to ‘outer’ supporting ‘strain’ players of the contemporary pedigree, which seemingly, come from a very similar but oblique genetic pool.

Identifying what is adept breeding, is at best, ascertaining to where the ‘jewel’ fits not to pedigree but to its guide, purpose & trigger for an appealing pedigree. Whilst we know things aren’t done that way anymore as due to bloodstock commercial enterprises, the correct stallion choices are to be well-considered.


What was Federico Tesio thinking – breeding through St Simon lines, to the distinguishing features he so esteemed.

 Tesio describes –

       – the idea was to produce and grow a racehorse that compared to its rivals, would run through space, mounted with the highest weight, covering any distance in the shortest time. I knew this would be a difficult task but not an impossible one, since I had seen many horses and read many books. I knew I had knowledge to succeed.

The truth of matter was that I had learned to read and to see, but had not yet, learned how to think….about why things happen.

from, Breeding the Racehorse, Federico Tesio


“In the year 1867 at a Napoleonic Exhibition in Paris, a competition was organized for horses which would carry the largest load in proportion to their own weight. The unexpected result (i.e. not that of a draught horse bred (size) but was to a light breed of small well proportions…..” Horse breeding Theory & Practice – B. Von Oettingen

By viewing fascinating footage: Blenheim, Mahmoud, Winx, at best view the necessary quadruple locomotive action: power and unique gait/action. It’s the unique energy-efficiency to its ‘saving’ of energy where today’s finest racehorses have the ‘physical’ difference & cuts a superior performer from others.

“Gait patterns and their efficiency are equally important for both types of energy production (i.e. anaerobic/aerobic performance)” – Australasian Throughbred Science Review

Take examination, experience, understanding, skill acquired…. to observe an animals intricate mobility to its placement of feet, the light, effortless traction to rhythm ‘timing’;   its ‘carriage’ of head not separate BUT to shoulder/leg ‘oiled’ to an oblong perfect frame, pieces together a silk/glide ease. It is the kinetic motion of walk, as 1st quality to a finesse of gait.

Phenotype and unseen conformation means…..

“The biomechanics of the vertebral column, although very complex, are of vital importance because they form the basis of all body movements” –

“Each horse is designed to “vibrate” at is own frequency” Jean Luc Cornille

“The chestnut Hyperion, a son of the WW1 Triple Crown winner Gainsborough and the top-class staying mare Selene, was one of the most sweet-tempered and also one of the smallest horses to gain the highest honours….no more than 15.1½ h.h. when he won the Derby in 1933, but he made up for his lack of size by absolutely perfect conformation nd sweeping action at the gallop……” The Classic Racehorse – Peter Willett

 St Simon– close observers spoke of his ‘electricity’ and said that he moved ‘as if made of elastic’.

He was never extended, let alone beaten, in any of his races, and he had that aptitude, possessed burst of speed that left even top-class opponents reeling within a few strides.

Long times ago there from a particular small horse pony breed of attributes/ characteristics to those collective genotype/phenotype qualities as described above. This enigmatic breed & individual, mare of traits (to her breed) had surely special significance throughout horse-breeding of those ages; there she goes, conduit to Herod’s pedigree.

Our on-line sources supply little detail, other than Shields Galloway, she the dam of Tartar, Herod’s sire. However….The Horse-Breeders Handbook of 1898, details: This mare was bred by Mr Curwen of Workington, Cumberland. She was the most famous galloway of her time, notwithstanding which her breeding has not been preserved. img_20190622_183945-01435237667.jpeg

The Curwen galloway link to thoroughbreds  conveys a wonderful historical truth.

There is further Curwen breeding “the pedigree of the dam of Spot, who was bred by Mr Curwen, not preserved – daughter of the White-legged Lowther Barb.” ref. as above HBH

Curwens Bay Barb “this Barb brought into England by Mr Curwen who also imported the Tholouse Barb, both of whom he obtained in France from Count Thoulouse, a natural son of Louis XIV. They covered few mares besides Mr Curwen’s.” ref. as above HBH

– foundations to Herod’s grand-sire Crofts Partner, he the sire of Tartar, attributed to  family 9

Another Galloway footprint – The Bald Galloway is the ancestral maternal tap-root to St Simon img_20190620_161808-011801621649.jpeg

Is it, these characteristic features, of the ancient Galloway breed which Tesio ‘triggered’ as his plan, via St Simon, as he described?

He explains: “nature’s attempt to return to their original pure state” thus having acquired his use of Mendelian principles first hand, knowingly applied, at-origin-purity Principle to the best of his matings.


**TBL side notes: My research re-examined  1)Winx  2) So You Think (NZ) – with attention to their phenotype gait-gallop style – ascertaining genotype, the traits of breeding may have evolved from. 

Further….the historical – The Horse-Breeding in theory & practice B. Von. Oettingen reads (ref. Winx’s  family index – f.f. 5-b)) **an ancestral dam named Marigold by Herod, female family 5-b. OF Marigold foundations, details: a Sister to Silver, i.e. Silver (by Mercury from Herod) Miss Cantley, (viz. a Mercury dam from Herod, Belvoirina (a Mercury dam, from Herod) Platina (a Mercury dam, from Herod) plus another sister, unknown img_20190514_131930-01733215847.jpeg

     – n.b.  has Marigold by Herod to the (ff. 9), She has 3 fillies, sired by Mercury , attributed to f.f. 9, plus another filly sired by Mambrino f.f. 9

**[the point to note: Mercury-Herod cross, inbred to Tartar, plus the family 5 & 9 are akin, close.

the affiliation is where Winx’s ancestral grand-dam is a Herod dam, a pedigree inbred to Herod/Tartar 3x’s.

So You Think (NZ) – ancestress Olympia 1815 (5 strains to Herod, within 5 generations) n.b. there is much more SYT detail to share… possibly Later date…


Research & on-line reference – credits:

the fell pony museum

http:// /stream/biographicalsket1830brow#page/268/mode/2up

The Horse Breeding In Theory & Practice – B. von Oettingen

Horse-Breeders Handbook 1898 Joseph Osborne

The Classic Racehorse – Peter Willett


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Terbium – deep ‘roots’ to a pedigree



Our subject – the 3 year old gelding Terbium (AUS) by Terango (AUS) ex-Serene Lass (AUS) from Not a Single Doubt (AUS). 4 starts for 4 wins. Last win the G.3 Zeditative Stakes (1200m)

I have chosen Terbium as the pedigree is clearly old master genetics. Let us champion economic breeding because home-bred can still provide the champagne.

Other sources have the story-line….Terango is a stallion without credible black-type, mated to a Not a Single Doubt mare whose on-course record went 0-0-0-0.

Such non-performing dams are still any breeders opportunity with potential awaiting after purchase price of $2k.

TBL advocates strains. Start and source the deep-roots to the dam bloodlines.

The genetic trail (5th & beyond) is a gateway to begin appreciation of where the pedigree-branch can takes its nucleus dominance.

Familial breeding is comprehending a dam’s strains which we adjudge as closest to the tap-root and its truest ‘blood’.

The sire impacts broodmare’s bloodline capacity should maintain or improve, rather than further diffuse ‘blood’ as to benefit future progeny. However the decision always weighs whether generational lines are ‘building’ and or of an opportunity to the outcross.

Yet the challenge and difficulty has developed and increased to an stage where todays majority, siring lines, are too familiar and thus differentiation falls to the dam lines to those (siring) strains within. Here lies the ‘gold’ – strains forgotten yet MUST resurrect to find only the best blood.

Time-worn… this will not alter.

Breeding is not instant: the breeding broodmare despite lacking  performance can still recover its potential.

Appreciate what-is-consolidating, WHAT influences upon breeding. (note, for the record TBL does not focus on the obvious closer in-bred (Danehill 3Sx4D) but navigate towards 5th (Zeddaan (GB) 5sx5d & the longer line-breeding principle targeting the exceptional breeding ‘trait’ contributor of difference). 

Unfolding same dynamic traits of todays’s greater performing pedigrees, starting with dam line to 5th dam Starquita/ Star Kingdom → Stardust (5×5) → traits to Sundridge via dam Sister Stella/Sunstar and Rego →Nasrullah → Solario.


Stardust – sired by Sundridge

What is it about THE Sundridge trait? It is not only the speed but has the sustenance to speed.

Against the tide of pedigree-planning expertise I am continually reminded how breeding genetics (as traits) are further deep-rooted submerged and it these which account for a horses ability to perform at another level. The 9th – 12th generations have a typology; the further we track back, its hindsight unravels why we are likely, playing to same explosive progenitor principles.

The fundamental idea is to “just keep looking”.

Zeddaan (GB) 5 x 5 –  Grey Sovereign/Nasrullah and his female family line ex- Lady Jospephine sired by Sundridge over that through the 3rd dam’s grand sire Sunstar by Sundridge. Supremo!

It shall be concluded it is not just speculating a pedigree to individuals alone but the gathering ‘collective’ pool which co-affiliates them.

TBL advice –  look for broodmares on sale, which hide long and deep strains to these.



The Broodmare – Winx



How do you upgrade/improve what IS perfection?

How do you go about the All of what’s-what, who’s who of stallion potential?

All offer degrees of merit and indeed the longer consideration for Winx owners, where n’ how the “W” brand is to breed success.

I recall a similar scenario where one Australian and New Zealand race-champion, maiden mare called Sunline, went to great New Zealand stallion Zabeel. Although a marketing and commercial gain – I was aghast at the mating.

With knock-of-hammer, the Sunline colt certainly got the money and it faded into history.

Further Sunline’s matings indicated maybe better…but those extraordinary race-track performances never went repeated.

Such is the case….

Like many aficionados, turning over every possible ‘clue’ to what makes Winx ‘wink’ has brought forth many significant factors of what under-pins attributes to breeding.

Creme-de-creme genetics, pre-potent influences type together: co-affiliated families compound as those passage the superior template. It influencing the ‘W’ phenotype to that ‘trait’, daisy-cut action, as belonging to her/their ancestral of master-stroke speed engines.

The aficionados know these family associations are nothing new but exceptionally powerful when they strike.
Americus Girl, Lady Juror, Mumtaz Mahal, Fair Trial, Mahmoud, Nasrullah et al

Mumtaz Mahal by The Tetrarch from Lady Josephine by SUNDRIDGE. Off spring include Mumtaz Begum, dam of Nasrullah, and Mah Mahal, dam of Mahmoud

Through recent purchase of rare memorabilia books, I was struck how world-dominant champions bred via heritage in-bred backstage ‘strains’ plus the few ‘shy-breeder’. Their lack of fertility interprets as ‘limitation’ but where perhaps, in another extraordinary or natural sense, is natures right to conservation.

Many of the great pillars of the Stud Book have been sons or daughters of shy breeders. They however, act as an effective brake on the fertility ratio of bloodstock……….. Sir Charles Leicester – Bloodstock Breeding,

Conservation – Save the best, for the best.

Viewing pedigree to esteeming conformation it often impressions how the phenotype ‘frame’ had an evolutionary classic hardened ‘type’ stock to today’s era, modest racing ‘stock’. i.e. The bench-mark shifted.

The powerful studs of yesteryear, the influential owner-breeders moved over n’ out to investment breeding operations – primary principle and product measured at auction and marketing data.

It establishes stallions, stud fees and standing arrangements as they beckon finest mares.

A Rule-of-Thumb applies: appraising with scrutiny to what strains secure sound breeding. From degrees commercially beneficial to that of a sound product towards what takes the feature of distinctive breeding.

This is where astute judgement is required to the future of bloodstock breeding.

Distinctive breeding – save the best, for the best…. is how ‘W’ brand breeding should be maintained. But if commercial or genetic ‘siring’ parallel has aim to re-generate the next Winx, this logic I think only serves a small vision.

Improvement is to sight a major forward breed-shaping vision where the ‘W’ bloodlines en-further the undying genetic expression: Australasian exceptional, dynastic blue-blood through mare may subsequently set new heights to the international breeding scene.

As time goes on, one looks for improvement, not stagnation or retrogression. Sir Charles Leicester

With thanks and credit to aficionado, Chad Mcnamara – Bloodlines in the Sport of Kings (FB group) to his siring assessment, the stallion So You Think (NZ) by High Chaparral from Triassic (NZ) ex Tights (USA).

Take consideration – it is very very clever and obscure deceptive, to how it subliminally draws to far-reaching depths of robustness, yet pins what the genus pedigree carries.

genotype: the fundamental hereditary constitution of an organism: the genetic formula of the organism – Ross du Bourg The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred

Its saying the ‘proven’ stamina sire for the speed mare.


Cheers for now, TBL

Angles of Pedigree


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IMO test… TBL evaluated genotype pedigrees of best 2 year old’s entered to Australia’s richest juvenile race: the 2019 Golden Slipper stakes.

From the field of 16, TBL evaluated each pedigree ranging A++ to B.

Assigned to colt Yes Yes Yes A++, by Rubick (AUS) from Sin Sin Sin (AUS) ex- Fanstastic Light (USA)

A+++, to the filly Kiamichi (Sidestep (AUS) from Ouachita (AUS) by Canny Lad (AUS).

Kiamichi won with aplomb.  I can excuse Yes Yes Yes for the barrier draw!

In a nutshell, classic trait bearing individuals throw-back to the 1 specific individual: its distinctive to the maternal tap-roots, far-depths of pedigree.

Once again, the aha ‘Sundridge’ connection was enough tho’ I wonder at times could I provide more sci-data to doubting Joe. untitled

I can’t unless you come visiting…..but if Joe won’t comprehend how key strains equip the traits, pass on to the individuals then Joe you’re elsewhere, ’cause all quality is about those seeded principles.


Winx is TBL’s best visited blog subject. Winx – workin’ them genes  & True Colours &Winx’s phenomena

Let’s remember…..Winx the individual, has graced us mere mortals with much. Her genotype pedigree with soooooo much detail….


 The importance is @ genotype roads the phenotype structural.

Her classic thoroughbred air, balanced with the gait and action, rhythm, tempo which enables her supreme capabilities to win with ease.

And that is where supreme champions have edge and the key point of difference.

Why? Why? Why?

Circle back to the traits, (evolution of speed) the pedigree ‘connects’ matri-lineal descendants as genetic patterns.

View these photos TO the classic-frame thoroughbred, the muscle, the shoulders and the legs, particularly forearm.

“Sundridge proved to be one of the greatest bargains of all time” – Charles Morton

high-class sprinter-milers at Group 1 – Star Kingdom inbred to Sunstar, son of Sundridge. i.e. Kiamichi dam, (Ouachita) her sire Canny Lad →Biscay→→ Star Kingdom

And so it is folks, why Kiamichi had it won.


Cheers for now, cropped-nyme31478829496





he who shall reign: The Autumn Sun


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“he will have to be good to win from there….” – The Autumn Sun – racing commentary 

Australian bred, The Autumn Sun, a 3 year colt undoubtedly is awesome plus. His exceptional winning finish to the Group I, Randwick Guineas (1600m).

Pedigree devotees can recapture attributes of pedigree and breeding commentary (older post): genus reflects: The Autumn Sun.

read on for more breeding thoughts…..

TBL explores how (as most of our pedigree and breeding analysis blog has to-date) to discover genus characteristics (foundational) – those deeper ‘formative’ lines.

The emphasis towards a wider context, genetic relations: a fundamental concept towards a homozygous individual.

Sires and their genetics, their female strains, their own foundational contributors i.e. Ribot/Sunstar comments below ) contributes the overall assessment: every individual pedigree is pivotal to depth & breeding ‘thrust’.

Skill and perception over algorithem quantity in/of dosages to few in-breds or of greater, line bred individuals.

…to make clear that by balanced breeding I do not mean a mere literal transcription of identical figures, but a broader concept of equilibrium of influences.

figures and numbers, however accurate, will never quite replace our own personal judgement and feeling, even when looking at a complete dosage diagram….

Franco Varola

Some pedigree fans might suggest a sire or dam further back 5th remove beyond….is lesser or insignficant: claiming it cannot have significant contribution to the overall pedigree.

We shall beg to differ in that a necessary rarer trait has indeed carried: has mitchondrial DNA which is genetic of infinite TB existence and viewing the original ‘sunray’ pedigree wheels hopefully may illuminate some appreciation over conventional arrangement.


This ‘holistic’ or ‘synergistic’ build-up is so intricate, complex and fine-textured that is is invisible to the human eye – Ross du Bourg

By reading past accounts “a magnificent looking, long-barrelled chestnut – best sprinter of his time in England – founded a line of smart, short running sprinters in Australia and New Zeland – preocious, fast-maturing animals” commentary credited to Gold Bridge (FR) sired by Golden Boss, (The Boss line)it indeed emphasises the Classic Thoroughbred , something else high-class which surely stages it ‘living-on’ influence. (Golden Boss per Autumn Sun’s dam: view 6th remove, sire of mare *Rough Shod and her grand-daughter SPECIAL (ff – 5h)!!! hence 2x. Plus Ribero (USA) maternal infusion of G.B

We stress to convey, breeding merits through high-class & almost obscure strains project an undefined breeding edge – they pop-up/’in’ to many a superior performer, as today’s bred, and that in itself is ‘wonder’ and proof-to-the-eye!

Thus, there is the manipulation to a new cross to yet again, another ‘level’.

A persistance of speed or stamina determinants alone without deeper, thoughtful consideration to ‘working’:  the perfecting of thoroughbred as ‘balanced’ sound speciman, its phenotype, to its adaptability, ability, capability, temperament, gait, tempo where there happens to be there…..of considerable breeding typology expanses – through to the eventual variances of ‘type’ produced.

The hereditary actors that determine physical, mental and nervous constitution are transmitted by means of microscopic chemical substances called genes, which are units of inheritance. Each gene is responsible for a seperate characteristic or ‘character’. The science of the inheritance of characters is called genetics, and the whole inherited make-up, or genetic constitution, of an individual is known as its genotype. A genotype consists of thousands of genes. Peter Willett – An Introduction to the Thoroughbred

Application towards ability, capability, gait, tempo, temperament, its ‘looks’, as breeding ‘traits’ require careful practice – these breeding aspects have strong impact.


The love of breeding – ‘ balanced correctness’ is a principle that demands consistent application through every generation, every cycle with ‘eye’ upon the individual’s conformation, natural constitution of strengths or its weaknesses.

With responsibility to crafting breeding…studying past heritage, ancestral bloodlines, nature of inheritances can aid decisions to ‘where’ the pedigree maintains, improves or even diffuses its quality.

The more pedigree analysis as information, the more ‘indicators’  KPI’s will come to light through major influential strains.

Evaluating strains… Aga Khan bred, The Autumn Sun dam Azmiyna (IRE) note the grand-dams sire Lear Fan (USA) a son of Roberto → Hail to Reason.  A siring line as strains to the best of the best.

– those strains we collate here –  The super-nova of fillies & mares.

What TBL failed to mention genus reflects: The Autumn Sun was Lear Fan (USA) female family through to the granddam, daughter of War Admiral, son of the greater-than-thou Man O’ War.  timeless…. Man O’ War.

Additionally note Nantallah (USA) son of Nasrullah, another KPI strain noteable, as noted to collective breeding re: The super-nova of fillies & mares

How ‘close’ to the pedigree Man O’ War sits…. and once again do not get confused with the identity but revel in strain/trait as carrier/genetic coding the Infusion to bloodlines.

 – to quote late Ross du Bourg, Australian bloodstock writer “human intelligence and intervention can introduce the high degree of superior homozygosity that is critical to the production of outstanding racehorses.”

All animal breeding is the mastering of traits.

Converge genetics upon the finest – nucleus bloodlines. Redoubtes Choice (AUS) to dam’s sire Canny Lad (AUS) →  Bletchingly →→→ War Relic (USA), son of Man O’War.

Maternal – 3rd dam sire, Darshaan (GB) maternal →→→War Relic

There are 9x’s of Man O’War.

(sidenote, please do not assign a meaning that MOW is sum-total to Autumn Sun pedigee as indeed other highly influential individuals are necessary. The important point: what sits behind breeding application is ‘how’ the sire (broodmare sire) across maternal of the broodmare sire(s) may invigorate or stimulate a reinforcement strain belonging to that individual.)

Remember it is not how many, but the superior dominant gene which takes the trophy.

Ross du Bourg writer of The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred  – “Influence was, I decided, the crucial ‘missing link’ in the whole body of writing on the theory of successful thoroughbred breeding. This was my reasoning: the quality (as opposed to the quantity) of the ancestor that is duplicated once or several times is an *important ‘invisible factor’ in the ultimate inherited racing potential of the foal.”

….allow the law of prepotency (influence) to overrule and marginally compensate the law of proportion (contribution)

Review also mare’s 4th dam sire Ribero (USA) the son of Ribot. Only 2X’s you may say ? What is the relevancy?

Two strains clearly ‘central’/ close/direct…..infusion. This STRAINto RIBOT, location IS IMPORTANT TO REALIZE!

However, this is not what captures our interest!! No, no… is the fact…. the Tesio bred Ribot is in-bred to Sun Star (GB), the son of sire Sundridge.

Sundridge – the x-factoring KPI  speed ‘roots’ Castelvecchio – breeding beyond ordinary

Winx – True Colours and Winx – workin’ them genes

To the terribly, under-rated ‘scored’ pedigree – the australian gelding Terbium by Terango (AUS) ex-Serene Lass (AUS) from Not a Single Doubt (AUS) re-stimulates the same foundational traits. (n.b. Terbium pedigree is our next blog-subject, winner of Group 3 Zeditave Stakes, 4 starts, 4 wins)

I have long pondered why the Sundridge trait to superior genetic pedigrees is speed tour de force as it stands behind breeding.

It can be said the ‘invisible’ ecological conditions approach a gradual ‘enclosed’ standard: breeding as a matter-of- course, developes itself towards exclusive stakes-racing speed, the racing program or product function, as it stands today.

It emerges only the finest, the adaptable, the agility.  Balance: aero-dynamics/muscular-skeleton TB ‘correctness’ – its balance of motion n’ time. That it comes through to the resulting phenotype and that is where racing class is sancrosanct.

The horse who is so bred as to be able to use himself mechanically to the best advantage for galloping at speed has on an average during the long history of the Turf come out on top. The beautiful symmetry, balance and elegance of the high-class racehorse have come about as they afford the horse, this advantage. Sir Charles Leister – Bloodstock Breeding


Cheers from New Zealand  cropped-nyme31478829496


#thethoroughbredlink #TBL

Castelvecchio – breeding beyond ordinary


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A name to watch ….a 2 classy year old colt Castelvecchio –  Dundeel (NZ) ex- St Therese from Dehere (USA) winning in breathtaking fashion the (Australia) 2019 Inglis Millennium 1200m sprint.

To the sire of Castelvecchio – there comes a ‘soft spot’ as known formerly ‘It’s a Dundeel’ to his New Zealand and Australia racing days.

It was then, a strong hunch for TBL, that he is a very smart stallion. From the Sadlers Wells/Zabeel cross (to be exact the female family link (f.f. 5-h) via Special (USA).

Yes, its those tremendous blood lines which add that ol’ tough honest quality via Dundeel’s dam Luskin Star (AUS)/Star Kingdom (IRE), Wilkes/Court Martial, Right Royal (FR), Honeyway (GB), Djebel/Tourbillon/Ksar.



Of…Castelvecchio’s dam, St Therese ( also dam of Maid of Heaven (Smart Missile (AUS), 2018 G.1 winner) herself, a modest stakes winning mare, holds the genetics goodies via 4th dam, Flash in the Pan (AUS) inbred to 2x Sunstar by Sundridge.

This is THE ‘where’…. superior champions arise, to evolve, as TBL explores a-definition-to-traits which transcend breeding beyond ordinary.

What sights Castelvecchio’s raw competitive dominance on track, one just kinda hunches that its The One. The one distinctive trait which sits atop of the speed-sprint genetic pyramid.

In much earlier years, TBL read all the old, great stuff and this one liner stuck – “all things return to purity, its origin”.

We can thank Winx for epitomizing so much more than what normally meets pedigree.

Our continual gaze at her: Michelangelo phenotype genetics; elements to tempo/gait, muscular skeleton frame, a capacity ‘perfection’ outer and inner, holds the thoroughbred wizardry that breeders should deeply and significantly grasp at – the Trait-to-Gait for energy and efficiency.

The ‘new’ bred and a perfect prototype thoroughbred absolute for its majestic purpose.

It is by understanding, identifiying and viewing various hot blood breeds and cold blood breeds to – what distinguished these where ‘gait’ & the ‘bred’ function of breed.

Enter the Thoroughbred: a hybrid pool, numerous breeds, unknown ‘formative’ strains, (though we forget otherwise) and find critical discernment to the musco-skeleton frame to ‘walk’ with fleet 4 hooves.

Keep with an on-going physical check to genotype pedigree analysis – champions come special,  ‘echoing’ one illuminating strain filtering through the generations of descendants.

>Sundridge – Lady Jospephine, Lady Juror, Mumtaz Mahal, Stardust (GB), Sunstar (GB), Solario (IRE), Sun Briar (FR) and Nasrullah.

Within genotype to the individual… there is only really the Performance. It is placed upon individuals phenotype to carry out ‘exact’ action with an unequalled balance and rhythm: an efficiency towards muscle energy which coils, recoils, has meta-mechanical precision beyond, to allow its winning advantage ease.

Symmetrical balance is the order – the desirable factor, the desirable goal.

Indeed it gets more obvious..and again how the horses legs work/move/strike/lift upon ground, is in the entire fluid action, muscular-skeleton structure: the physics perfectly balance a ‘time’ co-ordinated to its motion and energy.

Think very deeply what broodmare traits are representing, transpiring, emerging – this is the breeders MO.


Cheers from NZ cropped-nyme31478829496

#TBL      #thoroughbredlink








El Roca – A Rocket Man Stallion



Last season, NZ – Waikato Stallion parade … stallion El Roca (Fastnet Rock by Rubimill (AUS) ex-Rubiton) had TBL’s eye.

With presence & stature, an appeal where, TBL could not quite place the hunch exactly why?

don’t ya love ya instinct….

After writing the blog on a minute but fascinating  detail (should you share ideas, developing and breeding from NZ family lines), then Redzel knocks off Everest Redzel (Snitzel by Rubimill (AUS) ex-Rubiton it became apparent why El Roca could exert his influence to be New Zealand’s rocket-man stallion.

yep, Redzel’s dam Millrich and El Roca’s dam Rubimill are full sisters by Rubiton (AUS) – their dam Mill Rani (AUS). 

With El Roca impressions, it was at Sunday maiden meeting where new kids (2 year olds) were kicking off racing careers and yes, into the birdcage a El Roca filly – she I thought….a few cuts above the rest, wow…admiration of length, muscle, walk, presence, stature.

We placed the bet & TBL threw the fist to the air: nice oneBella Mente 2yr old ch. filly (El Roca (AUS) – Joiya (AUS) by Stravinsky.

Bella Mente – photos by TBL

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