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His overlord name has plume to bloodstock literature – the ‘spiritual’ of modern racehorse.

The Byerly Turk.

Without ancestry tribe – it is viewing to phenotype anatomical, this genetic breeding-bomb that ‘sets’ apart, a re-defining proto-Type. It goes to a dormant source.

There can be none more perfection heredity than thySunday Silence, as designated family 3e. At 10 generations linebreeding, Sunday Silence amasses 49 x to St Simon. (more detail further below, to St Simon phenomena)

Sunday Silence, was not for US breeders; validated as of modest pedigree, to an unwanted conformation is well documented by Arthur Hancock. …the rest is history, to location Land of the Rising Sun. Sunday Silence died 2002.


Sunday Silence – credit approved by FB  founder: Thoroughbred Bloodlines, a personal & pictorial blog)

Yes,  Sunday Silence is ‘model’, the subject ideal – to an ineffable paterfamilias ascended through such label(s) – those given as then(categorized) Turk ancestry.

There ‘its’ enduring prototype integrity, with stamina, this constitution for the classic racehorse.

Defiantly, it places genus within the racehorse Thoroughbred.

“…a prevalent opinion that black horses with white feet & a white star on the forehead as a result of crossing the indigenous horses of Upper Asia with so-called Arab blood & with frequent occasion to notice similar phenomena…” (reference here)

Consider these specimen below – these 3 are NOT classed to the thoroughbred.

The above, are to demonstrate an uncanniness to characteristics of the TB. They are  Russian mountain breeds. The Kabardin received infusions of Arab, Turkmene and Karabakh blood. They are naturally Strong, of equable temperament with sure-footedness and boundless endurance; evidently, a strong individuality. Science appears to validate records here.

– It is further interesting to learn the anglo-kabarda has three types: basic, massive, oriental and to the sports horse breeding ‘use’ of the origin, caucasian strain. (§reference below)

(aside history note: The eurasian complexity,. .. to widely appreciating peoples cultural landscape towards animals as unified principle . ↵ ↵This dissertation brings together countless angles in order to discover the Origins are as much gathered, integrated to ancient peoples, the maps, the Landscapes then deemed East, the Asia and thus has far consequence without bias, to western sectarianism.)

back on track…



TB -Santry – a phenotype representative of the Bruce Lowe tables, family 3, sub- branch 3h, pedigree here



BLANDFORD –  belongs to the Classic aptitude group, the greatest classic sire

1727 Mother England…”great events were stirring and great men and horses were on the way. There was also born in 1727, not a man, nor a woman, nor a horse, but a Book. It was the father and mother of that Book, the great and immaculate Stud Book, bred from the original ….Here was Breeding in a Nutshell, Here was the tree of knowledge from whose branches would spring the fruits of scientific betting – for some would race and breed, some then would buy and sell. Thither would come the Great Ones of the land, with their money and their horses.” (*Tattersalls)

²A General Stud Book appeared, 1791 by James Weatherby through ‘collections’ of Pedigrees, as gathered from Racing Calendars and Newspapers. 1st Volume Registry of the Stud appearing 1793, with an improved 5th edition in 1891.

It was the introductory Principle attesting bloodlines. 

Further, the establishments of the bloodline ‘table’ families began, viz –

  • The Ancestress of the English Thoroughbred by Hermann Goos, 1885
  • Frentzel’s Family Tables of English Thoroughbred Stock, 1869
  • Modern Pedigree by Antwerp and Lamplighter, New York 1895
  • Tables of Pedigrees of Thoroughbred Horses by C. Wackerow to the earliest account to 1897.
  • Breeding Racehorse by the Figure System, compiled by Bruce Lowe 1895

These appeared, built upon quota of ‘blood’, dams to their siring bloods, and not exactly squared upon winners of major race-day titles. Plus those classified alongside  those of lower number contributory as selected by Bruce Lowe’s configured arrangement.

¹ – The fallacy, long since exploded, that the foundation of the British stud rests chiefly with the Darley Arabian, the Byerly Turk, and the Godolphin Barb; ignoring the fact that it had been laid long previous to their arrival in England, through intermingling (cross-breeding) of the blood of the White and Yellow Turks, imported by Lord D’Arcy, with that of the Moroccan Barb, imported by Lord Fairfax, the Leedes Arabian, and the Lister Turk.

 1st Edition ‘Early Records of the Thoroughbred by C.M. Prior (1924). The progressively & meticulously researched, to re-evaluate numerous foundational bloodlines. 

–   historical-narrative-complex across the Silk Roads…handsomely spearsCross-breeding & cross-bred strains to reinforce principle Type, and albeit loosely, it begets a ‘Type’ – as bred, and labelled, a breed name applied.

 ⇓ focus anatomical differences ⇓

The Byerly Turk fables continue and vary his coat from dark mahogany brown to a black coat: and said to be believed… either stolen or captured beforehand, by the Turkish officer & again… seized by Colonel Robert Byerley. (or, Byerly)

” three young colonels competed in the race for the King James the Second Plate and, on his horse Byerley’s Turk, Colonel Byerley rode to victory for his prize of a silver bell. Just over three months later the same colonel was involved in a different style of action, fighting at the Boyne on the side of Prince William of Orange against King James” – The Lecal Review: a journal of Downe History – Lecal & Downe Historical Society.

– ‘google’ images, those paintings of the Battle of the Boyne – the scene and bravado.  (focus the depictions of these horses versus the Classique distinction by popular Byerly Turk painter John Wootton)

It seems there is much grandeur, to the family name Byerly. The age of the horse had arrived and “England, was a paradise for horses and a hell for women.” (The British Thoroughbred 1700 – 1850 Vincent Orchard.

fantasy or not – The Byerly Turk goes by another fable name – Azarax

To the English countryside, the paintings by John Wootton portray regal; the exotic Eastern Oriental sire with his Syrian groom – the elegant portraiture brush-strokes extravagance, opulence and to his becoming, the powerful influence. “allowances for the flattery (went) common in horse portraiture…”  said bloodstock writer, W.D. Osbourne

For aristocrats , the well patronized Wootton is a social media influencer and horse Illustrator. There is the powerful platform:  the Baroque horse with his handler landscaping the adoring, to an almost soulful adulation.

Its all for horse-trading.


The Art of Riding – the Duke of Newcastle, William Cavendish plays a major role in Charles I’s court and to Charles II restoration, the policy of active intervention in European affairs through maritime and commercial expansion.

William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle highly esteemed the blood of the Barb. He had a low opinion of the Arabian so far as racing ability was concerned.


 Meritocracy Britannia, the empire-building, the growth embodies new commerce, entered of many rogues and personalities; old boys network entrepreneurial it welcomes 

“The Byerly Turk”

Horses from the Turkish army were much sought after as booty. During the seemingly endless years of Turkish dominance, Europeans were seldom able to acquire Arab, Syrian, or Turkestan stallions. 1683 the Ottoman Empire began to decline and more horses fall into the hands of the Imperial troops.¹²


The Byerly Turk, pointedly to his Type and ‘quota of blood’. Where possible, pedigrees are cited to pedigreequery.com)

The black horse was said to have covered few mares.

Among his products were the excellent runners Sprite (no classification to dam nor, progeny records) & Basto. The moderate racehorse but useful sire Jigg and Black Hearty whose daughter Bonny Black (1715) had reputation of being the best racemare of the first half of the century.

Basto, born 1702, by Byerly Turk and the Bay Peg, ran and won 5 times 1708 and 1709 at Newmarket, over 4 miles. Died 1723.

1719 – Bonny Black, foundation mare of the Family 39, won the Gold Cup at Hambleton as a four year old under 10 stone, at the weight for five year olds, over 4 miles, in a field of 31 starters. Bonny Black had already won a match as a three year old at Newmarket. Her sire is Black Hearty by the Byerly Turk from the Lord Howe Persian mare.

Archer, horse by the Byerley turk – https://www.pedigreequery.com/archer14\

Bulle Rock by the Darley Arabian from the Byerly Turk mare. A successful racehorse he is exported to America. https://www.pedigreequery.com/bulle+rock

Bristol Grasshopper or Mostlyn’s Grasshopper – https://www.pedigreequery.com/bristol+grasshopper. Sire of 3 mares, 2 to classification – family 30; 1 undesignated, this mare has a daughter Hartley mare by Hartleys Blind Horse

  1. Byerly Turk Mare – https://www.pedigreequery.com/byerley+turk+mare10. Has 4 daughters + 1 horse classified to family 1

2. Whitefoot (H) – Byerley Turk Mare – https://www.pedigreequery.com/whitefoot3 originally classified family 2 no further progeny recorded. There is a Godolphin White foot – from a Byerly mare, classified family 1 https://www.pedigreequery.com/godolphin+whitefoot

a. Bowes (H) – Byerly Turk Mare https://www.pedigreequery.com/bowes – 2 sons, 1 daughter, prior classified family 2, by J. Osbourne . There is a pedigree correction to family 58

b. Surley – Byerly Turk mare (grey horse) https://www.pedigreequery.com/surley – 3 daughters, 1 son. 1 daughter (Jilt) classified by family 41 ⇔ 3×3 Byerly Turk: 1 unclassified, 2 classified to family 34** (n.b. more to family 41 below)

3. Byerly Turk mare from a Bustler mare, classified family 8 https://www.pedigreequery.com/byerley+turk+mare6. 1 daughter Hutton’s Royal mare

– ****Branch 8, 8-a, 8-b, 8-c, 8-d, 8-e, 8-f, 8-h, 8-i, 8-j, 8-k – all trace to a Mare (GB 1695c) by Byerley Turk. It should be noted that a branch of 8 has an error in it as does a branch of 8b so this family is not perfectly conserved, per L3a1b halotype – 

4. The Ramsden Mare by Byerly Turk, classified family 27 https://www.pedigreequery.com/ramsdens+mare. her daughter the Halifax Farmer mare to her progeny of 4 daughters, 4 sons et al family 27.

     – Check over… (noting family 27, 41 i.e. Byerly Turk mares inclusive) Babraham mare distaff, to a stallion named Cherry Ripe (IRE), was considered very moderate in appearance and yet held a wonderful record for siring winners particularly stock of good jumpers. A golden chestnut with blaze face, and near hind pastern white; standing 16 hands 1″high, girths 6ft 6″ and measured 9″ below the knee. An extraordinarily long sloping shoulders and short back with grand, strong, lengthy quarters, very good bone and beautiful temperament. He was not patronized well.

5. Byerly Turk mare, a celebrated mare belonging to Mr Bowes of Streatham and conjected ( genetically disproven)was thought, to be the same as the above family 2 mare of birth year 1708, 1709. The progeny listed are her origins to family 3 https://www.pedigreequery.com/progeny/byerley+turk+mare4

6. the Byerly Turk mare, from the Whynot mare, classified family 15 https://www.pedigreequery.com/byerley+turk+mare12

7. The Byerly Turk mare, from the Bustler mare, classified family 35 https://www.pedigreequery.com/byerley+turk+mare2. 1 daughter, the Bay Bolton mare

8. The Byerly Turk mare, classified family 17 https://www.pedigreequery.com/byerley+turk+mare3. 1 daughter the Wharton mare.

9. The Byerly Turk mares, where 2, remain unclassified/unknown.

Because of adverse and to a discrediting response to the Bruce Lowe Figure System; It judged to the misaligned values of the mostly unknown female origin strains. It veils, to mis-interpret the greater breeding inter-relatedness. The Figure System has its expressions by 1 alone, tap-root merit.

It went interpreted as nonsense.

“it is sheer nonsense and not worth a moment’s consideration” J. Osbourne

“I had some thought of criticizing this figure system theory, but, never seriously taken up by breeders, it is already a dead letter, succumbing through sheer inanition” – Charles Richardson – “The English Turf”

(n.b.) it is noted the Prussian stud (phenotype photos) to Goos & Frentzels attributed;  apply more leanings towards dominance, pre-potency collectively, hence the paraphrase, the quota of blood)

To further engage the Byerly Turk prototype as a Type to the breed… is to follow  a quota of his blood, indicated through these below.

The immortal sire & broodmare sire of the founding family 3m. Whalebone19 x’s via Jigg, Basto, mares family 1 and 3, or family 27?


Whalebone, winner of the Newmarket Stakes & the Derby on his first 2 appearances later became a formidable campaigner in four mile events with weights up to 12 stone. He stood no higher than 15 hands & 1/2. The Petworth groom states: the lowest & longest & most double-jointed horse, with the best legs and worst feet that I have ever seen. Small, insignificant he becomes an enormous influence. ⇒ Sire of Camel, Sir Hercules and Defence. Defence, the ancestral distaff to TBL blog: Winx came from Herod

Sir Peter Teazle – deep body, powerful shoulders & quarters, a short neck and a large head. His coat, dark brown to a prominent white star to his forehead. His stock mostly the richness of brown. Great constitution and they required very strong work. Full sister to Brown Bess dam line to Sister One True Blue, family 3.

Family 41 – as the Byerly Turk mare features the Great steeplechaser, Arkle (IRE) with plus, magnificent contributions to St Simon, via his dam St Angela by King Tom by Harkaway by Economist from his dam, Fanny Dawson.

Arkle – perfect conformation, the noblest steeple chaser of all time. (video reference below)

Arkle’s skeleton at the Irish National Stud. Critically study this skeleton. (photo by TBL)




Harkaway is the maternal, grand-sire of St Simon.

Harkaway – Beaten in his 1st start as a two year old, then a 2nd place at Curragh, the following November he showed the great staying powers he possessed, and which so often subsequently astonished the racing world by winning over the 2 year olds, 3 year olds, and 5 year olds in a canter.  In 1838 Harkaway after winning several at the Curragh crossed the Channel and ran second. At Goodwood, Harkaway wins in a canter and is victor there again. He ran in 38 races and no fewer than 25 of which he won. He bred a great number of winners but was not well patronized however notably, the sire of King Tom from his dam Pocahontas. 

Harkaway: In the shoulders he was deep and powerful, the shoulder-blade being very broad and full of muscle. There was little or no difference in the height of his withers and the highest point of his rump. His ribs were strong, but short aft, while he had a flat loin though the hips were strong and backbone large. He was a good weight carrier. He stood 16 hands, 2 inches.

– King Tom the 7th produce of Pocahontas, a bay horse with black points, was the very beau ideal of the English thoroughbred horse and only failed through illness being enrolled among classic winners. He had numerous and distinguished progeny but it was American breeders who escalated his prototype via Phaeton (King Tom) (review his prototype to grand-son Foxhall (USA) here) – Foxhall, an outstanding colt in Europe and winner of the Grand de Prix Paris.

The Harkaway pedigree…to his maternal sire Nabocklish has 5Dx5d a sire named Bagot (GB) by Herod. His dam Marotte and distaff, family 41, a Byerly Turk mare.

It appears the family 41 distaff died out, though hopefully not…

The legacy of ‘a’ St Simon is definitely still here, as is ‘a’ Whalebone – If you want to know the future, look at the past. (quote)

Contemporary example provided  More than Ready such a distinguishing profile, pointedly via, through inheritance Naskra to 27 x’s to St Simon.

– TBL opinion the Byerly Turk was never thoroughbred but as referred, another.

https://www.pedigreequery.com/surley4 – the **family 34 (Byerly Turk 3×4) The dam family of stallion Bel Esprit (AUS) , sire of Black Caviar (AUS)

**Sacred Falls (NZ) deceased stallion – SACRED FALLS (NZ) potency

Vice Regal (NZ) family 3e from the Cinna family. 39 x’s to St Simon.

War Front (USA) – has 39x’s to St Simon (photo credit unknown…)


****Thoroughbred Bloodlines Pedigree Matters Charts

§ – Anglo-Kabarda – Wikipedia

Arkle footage – http://youtu.be/x9ifmQf4KCE

¹ The Horse-Breeders Handbook – J. ‘Beacon’ Osbourne

², ¹¹ Horse Breeding in Theory & Practice – B von Oettingen

¹²The Noble Horse – Monique and Hans D. Dossenbach

The Thoroughbred World – Walter D. Osbourne

Encyclopedia of The Horse – Alexander Mackay-Smith/Elwyn Hartley Edwards

*Tattersalls – Two Hundred Years of Sporting History – Vincent Orchard

The Horse – edited by Michael Seth-Smith

England in the Reign of Charles II – Vol 1 – David Ogg

Horses – The Story of the Horse Family in the Modern World and through Sixty Million years of History – George Gaylord Simpson

A History of Greece 3rd Edition – J.B. Bury

“the high regard which I have for the Thoroughbred has not stopped, but rather stimulated me to investigate and express candidly the ideas got from studying the (present) state of the Thoroughbred. I take nothing for granted.” B. von Oettingen

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